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Pollination group:

Blenheim Orange

Synonyms: Beauty of Dumbleton, Blenheim, Blenheim Orange Pippin, Blenheim Pippin, Blooming Orange, Dempster's Pippin, Gloucester Pippin, Goldreinette, Kempster Pippin, Kempster's Pippin, Northampton, Northwich Pippin, Northwick Pippin, Northwitch Blenheim, Red Normandy, Ward’s Pippin, Woodstock, Woodstock Pippin. Orleans Reinette may also be a Blenheim Orange. Sometimes called Rosy Blenheim , but this is not the same as Blenheim Orange.

Identification: Large to very large, round and flattened apple. The skin is dull with a green base maturing to yellow and covered with orange-red stripes. Russet spots and patches are frequent. The calyx is large and open, set in a wide and moderately deep basin, surrounded by a slight crown. The stem is short and stout, set in a deep, russetted cavity.

Characteristics: Creamy white flesh, crumbly and coarse-grained. Juicy, sprightly and very sweet with a distinct nutty flavour.

Uses: A dessert apple but frequently used for cooking. Wonderful purées. Eaten fresh, this a unique match with cheeses. It can also be cut into wedges and and often used as the flavour component of cider.

Origins: Found growing as a seedling against a boundary wall of Blenheim Palace in 1740 (later to become famous for being the birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill) by George Kempster, a basket weaver in Old Woodstock in Oxfordshire (U.K.). Originally known as Kempster’s Pippin, it was renamed in 1804 to Blenheim Orange and sold through a Worcestershire nursery.

Cultivation: Vigorous, upright spreading tree. Partial tip bearer. On its own roots, the tree needs to be a about 10 years old before it will produce fruit in reasonable quantity. The fruit develops in singles rather than as clusters as do most apples. Tends to produce best every second year. Hardy in areas of late frost, but it does not tolerate cold winters very well. Prefers light, warm, slightly moist soils. High maintenance. Due to its vigor, it is best grown on dwarfing root stock.

Ploidism: Triploid. Produces only infertile pollen.

Notes: The wood from Blenheim Orange apple trees was considered the very best for railway cog wheels. The apple is almost identical to the Bénédictin and both appearance and flavours.

16 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps up to four months.

Vulnerabilities: Very slightly susceptible to scab, moderately susceptible to canker, brown rot, resistant to mildew.

Harvest: In the last half of the fourth period.

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Cooking, Cider, Dessert, Eating

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 12


Associated apples:

Beauty of Hants
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine textured, soft and juicy. Aromatic and flavourful like the Blenheim Orange.

Synonyms: Offine Seedling, Ofine

Howgate Wonder
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Type: Cooking, Cider, Eating, Juice, Pie

characteristics: Flesh is pale cream, firm, crisp and fine? grained. Sharp, sweet with a lot of juice. Tends to be rather bland.

Edward VII
Edward VII
Type: Cooking, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, coarse?grained, firm and somewhat juicy. Sweet?sharp.

Synonyms: Edward, King Edward, King Edward VII

George Carpenter
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: Flesh is creamy white, firm, juicy and sweet. Aromatic. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Oetwiler Reinette
Oetwiler Reinette

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish white, firm, crunchy. Juicy and sweet with a unique flavour. Brix 13.6, acidity 9.5 g/litre

Oxford Yeoman
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Type: Cooking, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is white, coarse grained. Juicy and acidic