Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Golden Russet, American

Synonyms: American Russet, Bullet Pippin, Bullock, Bullock's Pippin, Golden Russet, Fox Apple, Long Tom, Sheep's Nose

Identification: Medium size and round to round conic, often lopsided. The skin is somewhat chewy. Base colour is bright green maturing to golden, marked with grey russet lenticels and almost completely covered with a rough, bronze russet. In storage, the skin becomes dark yellow and dull with a faint red blush developing of the the face that was sun exposed. The calyx is closed, set in a narrow, but shallow basin. The stem is long and slender, set in a narrow, deep cavity which is sometimes green, sometimes russetted.

Characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, coarse-grained, crunchy. Somewhat juicy, sweet with a hint of tartness and a distinct nutty flavour. Aromatic. Best flavours emerge after it has been hit by a frost. Flesh browns quickly when exposed to air.

Uses: While it is widely used as a dessert apple, it also makes excellent dried apple rings and a good choice for the sweet/flavour component of cider. For cooking, the flesh holds its shape well, but becomes mealy.

Origins: Discovered as a chance seedling in the early 1800s in Burlington County, New Jersey (U.S.A.). Assumed to have have originated from a pippin of an English Golden Russet which was widely grown by settlers from England along the Atlantic seaboard of what has since become America's Eastern Seabord.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous. Tip bearer with a weeping growth habit. Produces heavy crops every other year. Tolerant of cold winters, Hardiness zones 4 to 8.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self sterile.

Notes: Resembles the English Russet, but tends to have a flattened shape and is more heavily russetted. In shape, it is similar to the Ashmead Kernel but tends to be completely russetted whereas the latter is only partly russetted. The American Golden Russet has a darker russet than the English, it ripens a few weeks later and tends to be somewhat sweeter.

20 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps for up to five months in storage and is still excellent even after the skin is shrivelled.

Vulnerabilities: Resistant to most diseases.

Harvest: Ready for harvest late in the fourth period or early in the fifth. Apples tend to hang on the tree well into winter.

Juice classification: Sweet

Harvest period: 4

Status: dessert

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 14

Associated apples:

Golden Nugget
Golden Nugget
Type: dual

Characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, crisp and firm. Juicy and very sweet, tangy and intensely flavoured with mellon highlights.