Pomiferous

Welcome to the world's most extensive apples (pommes) database.

Information on over 7,000 apples is available here, all carefully researched and provided in a way that is easy to navigate.

Name:

Pollination group:

Golden Delicious

Synonyms: Annit Apple, Arany Delicious, Mullins' Seedling, Mullins' Yellow Seedling, Stark Golden Delicious, Yellow Delicious

Identification: Medium large, round conic, sometimes oblong. Often slightly ribbed. Smooth skin, greenish yellow when almost ripe, golden yellow with russet lenticels. The sun-exposed face is blushed with faint red. Dark russeted, small, raised lenticels. The stem is long and slender, set in a deep and moderately wide cavity which may have some russeting.

Characteristics: Cream-coloured flesh, tender and crisp. Fragrant. Sweet, juicy, mild honey taste and floral. Slow to brown when cut open.

Uses: Sweet eating apple, holds its shape well when cooked. For apple sauce, depending on individual taste, the amount of added sugar can be halved or even eliminated. Popular for soft apple cider.

Origins: Found as a chance seedling by J.M. Mullins on his father’s farm in West Virginia (U.S.A.), in 1891, likely the progeny of four apple trees resembling small Grimes Golden growing near the farm house. In 1914, Anderson Mullins (J.M. Mullins’ uncle) sent some of the apples – known as Mullins’ Yellow Seedlings and, according to some claims, a cross between Grimes Golden and Golden Reinette – to Stark Brothers Nursery in Missouri for identification. The nursery quickly bought all rights to the tree plus the 900 square foot plot on which the tree stood for $5,000 and marketed it as a companion to its Stark Delicious . Stark Brothers built a fence around the tree, but people nevertheless managed to take cuttings and dubbed the offspring Yellow Delicious in a thinly veiled attempt to cover the theft. The name Yellow Delicious is still used from time to time these days but, despite some claims to the contrary, it is one and the same apple.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, round spreading tree that tolerates late frosts. Bears fruit on spurs and terminal branches. Starts to bear when young and produces heavy crops, but needs to be thinned aggressively after fruit set to ensure annual harvests, otherwise tends to become biennial. There is a tendency to develop russet skin in humid growing conditions. Tolerates Hardiness Zones 5 to 8.

Ploidism: Self fertile, but the crop improves in the presence of a compatible source of pollen.

Notes: It was designated the official state fruit of West Virginia in 1955.

20 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps up to five months in cold storage.

Vulnerabilities: Moderately susceptible to fireblight. Susceptible to scab and rust. Resistant to mildew. Somewhat prone to canker. Bitter pit can be a problem. Slightly susceptible to brown rot.

Harvest: Fully ripe after the middle of the fifth period (140 to 160 days after petal fall).

Brix: 13.9

Specific gravity: 1.056

Acidity: 5.5

Harvest period: 5

Type(s): Cider, Dessert, Eating, Sauce

Hardiness Zone min: 5

Hardiness Zone max: 8

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 12

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID

Flowers: White


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Associated apples:

Adina
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Type: Cooking, Dessert, Eating

summary: With a low chill requirement, this cultivar is suitable to warm climates.

Synonyms: Frankad, Stark Adina, Satark Adina

African Red
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is light cream colour, fine grained and firm.. Juicy, sweet with very low acidity. up to six months in cold storage with no appreciable loss of ...

Synonyms: Marketed as African Carmine.

Akita Gold
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish. Fine-grained, crisp and very juicy. Sweet-tart and aromatic with hints of quince flavours.

Ariwa
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, medium grained, firm and crisp. Juicy and pleasantly sweet?tart. Refreshing flavour. Brix 11.3, acidity 6.1 g/litre

Arlet
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine textured and firm, Very juicy, sweet and somewhat tart. Excellent pineapple flavour with hints of melon and cane sugar. Brix ...

Synonyms: Swiss Gourmet

Baujade
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, fine textured, firm, juicy, moderately sweet and sprightly. Aromatic.

Synonyms: Sometimes written Beaujade.

Big Time
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Type:

origins: Lady Williams x Golden Delicious Stoneville, West Australia (Australia))

Brock
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Type: Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp, juicy and sweet. Sprightly.

Chantecler
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp and juicy at harvest, becoming melting in storage. Very sweet, slightly tart and well flavoured. Keeps up to two months in ...

Synonyms: Belchard, Chanteclerc

Charden
Charden
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellow, firm. Juicy, sweet sharp and honeyed.

Civni
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, with a medium texture, firm and crunchy Aromatic and sweet with just enough acidity to give it a sprightly mouth feel. Keeps up to ...

Synonyms: Civina. Rubens. Not to be confused with the Dutch Rubens which is a Cox's Orange ...

Co-op 2
Co-op 2
Type: Dessert, Eating, Sauce

summary: One of about 50 apple cultivars developed under the PRI (Purdue University, Rutgers University and the University of Illinois) programme using Malus floribunda ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Prima, also known as Priestly Prima.

Co-op 5
Co-op 5
Type: Eating

summary: One of about 50 apple cultivars developed under the PRI (Purdue University, Rutgers University and the University of Illinois) programme using Malus floribunda ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Sir Prize.

Co-op 29
Co-op 29
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

summary: One of about 50 apple cultivars developed under the PRI (Purdue University, Rutgers University and the University of Illinois) programme using Malus floribunda ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Sundance and sometimes called Sundancer.

Co-op 38
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Type: Cooking, Cider, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is pale cream in colour, coarse-grained, but firm, breaking and crisp. Rather tart, but with a high sugar content. Rich, spicy flavour with complexities ...

Synonyms: Goldrush, GoldRush, Delisdor

Huaguan
Huaguan
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained and crisp. Juicy, sweet and slightly tart

Synonyms: Hua Guan. Marketed as Autumn Glory

Creston
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Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish and tender. Very juicy, sweet and and just a touch of tartness. Once cut, it resists browning.

Synonyms: Tested as 8M-15-10

Cripps Pink
Cripps Pink
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is firm, dense and finely textured. High sugar with good acid balance. Juicy with what has been described as a Champagne fizz.

Synonyms: The Cripps Pink name is owned and licensed by the Department of Agriculture and ...

Cripps Red
Cripps Red
Type: Cooking, Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is firm, crisp texture, medium grained and tangy. Juicy and aromatic. Resists browning when exposed to air.

Synonyms: Cripps II, Sundown. Marketed under the name Sundowner.

Criterion
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Type: Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is firm, juicy and crisp. Very sweet, slightly tart and an intense honeyed flavour. Slow to turn brown after cutting. Stores well.

Synonyms: Candy Apple

Dalitron
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine-grained, firm, crunchy and juicy. Look for a blend of banana and tropical fruit flavours. Brix 14.0 degrees.

Delblush
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The yellowish flesh is crisp, firm, juicy, good sweet-tart balance, anise flavour. Fine-grained. The flesh has a tendency to brown after about an hour when ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Tentation

Delcorf
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is cream in colour and crisp. Sweet with mild acidity and hints of strawberry, aniseed and pear. The apple bruises easily.

Synonyms: Delba, Delbarestivale, Delcorf Estivale, Estivale. However these are acually ...

Delfloki
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Type: Eating

summary: Developed at the Pépinières et Roseraies Georges Delbard in France, this self-fertile dessert apple offers some surprising and excellent flavours.

Synonyms: Marketed as Divine, registered as Divine Pure Apple. Sometimes goes by ...

Dorsett Golden
Dorsett Golden
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: Medium firm, crisp. Mildly sweet.

Synonyms: Golden Dorsett

Dukát
Dukát
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, coarse grained. Sweet with a slightly honeyed flavout. Keeps for two months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Dukat

Elan
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is ??????????. Sweetsharp. flavourful.

Elliott
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is pale cream coloured, fine grained and crisp. Juicy, sweet?sharp but well balanced with a fruit flavour. Keeps for three months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Elliot, TimpGold, Mt. Timp Gold, Mount Timp Gold

Elstar
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is creamy white, somewhat crisp and very juicy. Sweet with well balanced acidity, though the tartness almost disappears with a couple of weeks of storage. ...

Synonyms: Luster, Lustre Elstar, Valstar

Firmgold
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish. Sweet. Keeps for three months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Firmgold Delicious

Freyberg
Freyberg
Type: Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is white and crisp. Very sweet and aromatic with distinct hints of honey, pear, brandy and cinnamon. Anise flavours develop the longer it hangs on the ...

Synonyms: Freyburg

Fugachee
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp. Juicy, sweet with low acidity

Golden Gem
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained and crisp. Moderately sweet, juicy with watermellon and tropical fruit flavours. Sugar and acidity levels are well ...

Golden Gift
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, crisp and fine grained. Juicy with almost no tartness. Tastes very much like a Golden Delicious. Can be kept up to two months in cold ...

Kogetsu
Kogetsu
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white. Good sugar-tartness balance.

Luna
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, firm, crisp and very juicy with a well balanced sugar/acid ratio. Aromatic. Juice is particularly sweet with a BRIX rating of 13.5.

Synonyms: UEB 3375/2

Mountain Cove
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is whitish in colour, often with a green tint. Juicy, mild in flavour with a tart finish and sweet aftertaste. The cut apple resists browning. Plan on ...

Synonyms: Harveylicious, Mountain Cove 509. Marketed as Ginger Gold.

Mutsu
Mutsu
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Juice, Pie

summary: A juicy and sweet eating apple, the Mutsu was developed in Japan during the 1930s.

Synonyms: Crispin, Matzu.

NJ 109
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Type: Dessert

summary: A golden, mild flavoured, early maturing dessert apple from the eastern U.S.A.

Nova Spy
Nova Spy
Type: Cider, Eating, Pie

characteristics: Flesh is creamy yellow, fine grained, crisp and juicy. Mildly tart.

Synonyms: Novaspy, Red Nova Spy

Nuvar Red Gloss
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Type: Eating

characteristics: Crisp, juicy and sweet.

Odin
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp. Juicy, sweet and flavourful winth hints of raspberry. Brix 11.5, acidity 8.3 g/litre

UEB 3264/2
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Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

summary: This fine dessert apple was bred in the Czech Republic by crossing Golden Delicious with Topaz.

Synonyms: Marketed as Opal under licence. The Seabrook Opal which was developed in the 1930s in ...

Orin
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, firm, crisp, juicy and sweet (some years very sweet) with a honeyed flavour that has been described as pear-like with hints of ...

Synonyms: Sweet Orin, Ohrin, Ourin. Note that there is also an apple named Jumbo Orin .

Ozark Gold
Ozark Gold
Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, mildly honeyed, almost bland flavour. Keeps barely a month in storage before turning soft and losi flavour.

Pinova
Pinova
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, firm and fine-grained. Juicy, sweet tart, spicy flavour. Under some conditions, it can become astringent. Brix 11.8 degrees.

Synonyms: Pioneer, Corail, Pinata, Piñata, Sonata

Pirella
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: Juicy and very sweet?tart with an intense fruity aroma.

Synonyms: Pirol

Priam
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is fine textured, crisp. Juicy, tart, moderately sweet and aromatic. Flavour improves in storage.

Prime Gold
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Type: Dessert, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, firm and crisp. Juicy and sweet, with a honeyed flavour.

Qinguan
Qinguan
Type:

origins: Developed at the Shaanxi Fruit Research Institute, Yangling, Wugong County, Shaanxi Province (China) by crossing Golden Delicious with pollen from Jiguan ...

Rebella
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, Crisp, firm and sweet with balanced acidity.

Synonyms: Marketed as Bella

Rubinette
Rubinette
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is distinctly cream coloured. The texture is fine-grained, crisp. Juicy, flavourful, refreshing, with good sweet-sharp balance. Very similar to its Cox ...

Synonyms: Rafzubin. Sometimes referred to as Red Rubinette or Rubinette Rosso but this is ...

Šampion
Šampion
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, Juicy and sweet. Brix 12.7.

Synonyms: Sampion, Shampion, Szampion, sometimes Champion. Sometimes mistakenly called ...

Saturn
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Type: Eating, Juice

characteristics: The yellowish flesh is moderately, crisp, firm and juicy. Sweet with good acid balance for fresh eating.

Scrumptious
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Cream coloured flesh, crisp and firm, sweet-tart with noticeable honey, strawberry flavours and a hint of anise. Thin skinned.

Sinta
Sinta
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, fine-grained, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, sprightly with honeyed flavours and aromas.

Synonyms: 8C-4-5

Skinlite
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, Crsip. Juicy and sweet, honeyed flavour.

Spigold
Spigold
Type: Cider, Eating, Juice, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is very light yellow, fine textured, firm and crisp, yet melting. Juicy, sprightly and sweet with a honeyed flavour. Easily bruised.

Sungold
Sungold
Type: Dessert

characteristics: Sweet with a honeyed flavour, sometimes cloying.

Sunrise
Type: Dessert, Eating

summary: A refreshing summer apple with strawberry flavours, best eaten straight from the tree.

Synonyms: There is also a British cultivar by the name Sunrise . Also, the Oxford Sunrise is sometimes ...

Sweet Caroline
Sweet Caroline
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm. Juicy and very sweet but mild flavoured.

Sweet Cornelly
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm and somewhat tough. Moderately juicy and sweet with pronounced floral flavours.

Telstar
Telstar
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is cream?coloured, coarse grained, firm. Juicy and very sweet with a bit of tartness and a honeyed flavour.

Tomer
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is fine texture, medium firm and juicy.

Trajan
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, firm and juicy with good sweet?tart balance.

Synonyms: Polka, Ballerina Polka, Scarletspire, Stark Scarlet Spire

Opal
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Type: Dessert, Eating

summary: Please see UEB 3264/2

Virginia Gold
Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp and juicy. Distinctively flavoured.

Western Dawn
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Type:

characteristics: Flesh does not brown when exposed to air.

Synonyms: Enchanted

Apples with a similar sounding name:

Golden Delicious 4E-25-2
Golden Delicious 4E-25-2
Type:

summary: An engineered mutation of Golden Delicious developed by Dr. Karlos Lapins in the early 1970 at the Summerland Research and Development Centre in Summerland, ...