Pomiferous

Welcome to the world's most extensive apples (pommes) database.

Information on over 7,000 apples is available here, all carefully researched and provided in a way that is easy to navigate.

Name:

Pollination group:

McIntosh

Synonyms: Gem, MacIntosh, McIntosh Red, Mac, Mack

Identification: Medium size tending to large, round to round flat. Base skin colour is green but almost completely covered with a dark red blush when ripe. A thin bloom is often present. Small light coloured dots. The calyx is very small and closed, set in a shallow basin. The stem is short to long and slender, set in a medium deep and funnel-shaped cavity.

Characteristics: Flesh is bright white stained red next to the skin, crisp, mildly tart, quite sweet and tasting somewhat of elderberry and spice. Tends to lose its tartness in storage, but becomes mealy with little or no tang after a couple of months. Brix 11.4.

Uses: A fresh-eating apple, not well suited for cooking. Widely used for making juice and cider. The best flavour comes from apples that have ripened on the tree and are eaten soon thereafter. Look for Macs with the stem still attached since they lose their stem when over ripe. Also, a dull skin indicates that the apple has been in storage for a long time.

Origins: Discovered as a chance seedling by John McIntosh, a United Empire Loyalist. He fled from New York State (U.S.A.) to Ontario (Canada) in the 1770s where he purchased a property in Dundas County. In 1796, while clearing some land, he found 20 apple trees growing wild. In transplanting the trees closer to his house, all but one died and it eventually became the source of one of the most widely grown apples and most influential cultivars, giving rise to a long list of varietals. It was known as the Gem until 1935. Probably a cross between Fameuse and Detroit Red .

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, upright spreading, spur bearer. Starts to produce fairly young, but has a tendency to bear the heaviest crops every other year. Requires a lot of pruning due to vigorous sucker growth. Very hardy. Ripens best in areas of full sun and cool nights.

Ploidism: Diploid. Partially self-fertile but produces best in proximity to trees with compatible pollen.

Notes: The McIntosh is parent to more than 100 cultivars, partly because of its winter hardiness tolerances. It is also the national apple of Canada. A historic marker devoted to the McIntosh apple stands at Upper Canada Village heritage Park, near where the original tree grew until 1910. Prior to its demise, cuttings of the tree were saved for propagation.

Cold storage: Can be kept up to three months without, but it tends to be fussy, becoming mealy if the temperature is too cold or too warm.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to canker and scab. Moderately susceptible to blight. Very resistant to rust, somewhat to mildew.

Harvest: Matures in middle portion of fourth period (125 to 145 days after petal drop) and subject to pre-harvest drop.

Brix: 11.4

Specific gravity: 1.0458617565975

Harvest period: 4

Hardiness Zone min: 4

Hardiness Zone max: 7

Status: dessert

Pollination group: B

Pollination day: 7


Associated apples:

Alton
Alton
Type: dual

characteristics: The flesh is white, often with a red stain under the skin. Very similar to the Crimson Beauty in flavour and texture.

Auksis
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is yellow and tender. Very juicy, sweet?tart and fragrant.

Barry
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, often stained red next to the skin. Coarse-grained, somewhat firm. Juicy, sweet- tart and slightly aromatic.

Belmac
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Type: dessert

summary: A Mac-style apple

Blair
Blair
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm, crisp and fine textured. Juicy, sprightly and aromatic. Keeps up to five months in cold storage.

Charlotte
Charlotte
Type: culinary

characteristics: The flesh is white. Crisp. Sweet-sharp

Synonyms: Hercules, Irishspire, Irish Spire, Ballarina Charlotte, Stark Irish Spire.

Greendale
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, semi-firm.

Hadlock Reinette
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is ???????? fine?grained and firm. Juicy, sweet sharp. Keeps one month in cold storage.

Hampshire
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained, firm, crisp and juicy. Sweet, spritely and becomes quite aromatic when allowed to ripen fully on the tree. Keeps three ...

Synonyms: Gould. This variety is often listed as being a mutation of McIntosh which is ...

Davey >>is this Davies or Davis?????
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is light green, firm, slightly coarse? grained and crisp. Juicy, somewhat sweet, brisk and with a distinct strawberry flavour.

Dunning
Dunning
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white with pale red stains next to the skin. Juicy and candyfloss sweet.

Earlidel
Earlidel
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured. sweet.

Synonyms: Early Del, Applethorpe Earlidel

Empire
Empire
Type: dessert

characteristics: Bright white flesh. Crisp and fragrant with hints of melon, pineapple and sometimes elderflower, sweet with a distinct tang.

Fantazja
Fantazja
Type: apple

origins: Antonovka Obiknovannya x Limonchella

Fireside
Fireside
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, medium coarse, firm and crisp. Somewhat juicy, sweet and sprightly. Aromatic.

Fortosh
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is pale yellow. crombly. Sweet, fruity with an aroma of roses. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Franklin
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp and aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Fushuai
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Type: apple

origins: Early McIntosh X Golden Delicious, Hunan (China). Released in 1977.

Gloucester Royal
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarseVery sweet and almost no acidity. The skin is rather tough. Keeps for t months in cold storage.

Jonamac
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is semi-firm, white tending to cream colour when fully ripe. Juicy with mild acidity, very sweet with hints of strawberry. The apple bruises easily.

Synonyms: Initially designated NY44428?5.

Joyce
Joyce
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft, tender and coarse-grained. Juicy, sweet with mild acidity and hints of raspberries.

Synonyms: This is not the same apple as Joyce Allardice .

Jubilee
Jubilee
Type: dual

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm, crisp, crunchy and fine-grained. Juicy, moderately sweet-tart.

Synonyms: Note that Fuji Jubilee, a sport of Fuji, is often referred to simply as Jubilee. ...

July Red
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft. Juicy, sweet with hints of loganberry. Keeps about a month in cold storage.

Synonyms: Julyred

Killand
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Type: apple

origins: — McIntosh x Dolgo, W. P. Baird, Northern Great Plains Field Station, Mandan, North Dakota, USA, introduced, 1957

Kitakami
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish. Juicy and sweet. Mild.

Lobo
Lobo
Type: apple

characteristics: Flesh is very white, often with faint red stain under the skin. Somewhat crisp, tender and with a fine grained. Juicy and sweet with a hint of strawberry. Tends ...

Synonyms: Sometimes erroneously called Imperial McIntosh. This name actually refers to the ...

MacExel or MacExcel
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white and mild. Keeps up to two months in cold storage.

Macfree
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Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white with a slight green tinge, firm, moderately coarse. Juicy and slightly tart.

Macoun
Macoun
Type: dessert

summary: Developed in New York State in the 1920s, this progeny of the McIntosh is a refreshing eating apple and makes great apple sauce.

Synonyms: Mekaun

Macwood
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarse?grained, soft. very sweet. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Mahogany
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Type: apple

origins: — Red Hook ( McIntosh seedling) x ‘Strummer Pippin, 1962, New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA

Maypole <<<<<Ballerina>>>>
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Type: apple

characteristics: Flesh is dark red.

Synonyms: Ballerina, Ballerina Crab, Colonnade, Maypole Colonnade, Maypole Ballerina

McShay
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Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish moderatey firm, finely textured, juicy and mildly tart with a fine flavour.

Synonyms: MacShay, Shay

Melba
Melba
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, tender and melting. Juicy, sweet, slightly tart, with aromas of strawberry.

Merton Charm
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine grained, and tender. Juicy and sweet, aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Merton’s Charm

Moira
Moira
Type: dessert

characteristics: Flesh is creamy white with an occasional tinge of pale green. Tender, slightly coarse-grained, firm and juicy. Sweet tart.

Synonyms: Commercial test code O548.

Murray
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft and fine-grained. Juicy and sharp.

Newtosh
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Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is pale green, crisp, firm and fine-grained. Juicy, sweet, slightly tart and a slight strawberry flavour. Keeps four months in cold storage. Four ...

Northland
Northland
Type: apple

origins: — McIntosh x Dolgo, 1926, University of Minnesota, Fruit Breeding Farm, Excelsior, Minnesota, USA, introduced, 1957, crabapple

Orlovskoje Polosatoje
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Type: apple

origins: Russia, Oriol McIntosh x Bessemianka Micurina

Patricia
Patricia
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish stained red under the skin. Soft and tender, melting. Juicy, sweet, very mild acidity, with strawberry and melon flavours.

Puritan
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white, tender and sfot. Juicy and sweet?tart. Tends to become mealy very quickly.

Red Hook
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is white, often stained red, fine grained and soft. Juicy, sweet?sharp, aromatic.

Synonyms: Redhook

Redhook
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is pink, coarse grained, firm. Juicy.

September Ruby
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Type: dual

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white. Sharp and juicy.

Shamrock
Shamrock
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, coarse-grained and firm. Juicy, sprightly, sweet and aromatic. Resists browning when cut open.

Sharon
Sharon
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, fine grained, tender and crisp. Juicy and sweet.

Spartan
Type: dual

summary: The first of many apples developed at the Canada Agriculture Research Station in Summerland, British Columbia, the Spartan remains a favoured multi-purpose ...

Spencer
Spencer
Type: dual

summary: A very sweet and juicy apple with plenty of cold hardiness, bred in Canada for both commercial and hobby orchards.

Synonyms: Tested as S-5-4

Summerland
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Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, very fine grained, firm and crisp, melting. Very juicy, sweet, sprightly, with raspberry flavours.

Summerred
Summerred
Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained, firm and crisp. Very juicy, sweet and sprightly with strawberry flavours.

Synonyms: Summered, Summer Red. Tested as 9E-11-40.

Sunrise
Type: dessert

summary: A refreshing summer apple with strawberry flavours, best eaten straight from the tree.

Synonyms: There is also a British cultivar by the name Sunrise . Also, the Oxford Sunrise is sometimes ...

Supermac
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Type: dual

characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp, firm and juicy. Slightly tart, aromatic flavour. Resistant to browning when exposed to air.

Sweet McIntosh
Sweet McIntosh
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is pale green, fine grained, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, and aromatic with only a slight acidity.

Toshfor
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Type: apple

origins: — McIntosh x Forest,Õ Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1926

Toshkee
Toshkee
Type: apple

origins: — McIntosh x MilwaEnglandee, Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1923

Toshlaw
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Type: apple

origins: — McIntosh x Lawver,Õ Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1925

Trajan
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Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, firm and juicy with good sweet?tart balance.

Synonyms: Polka, Ballerina Polka, Scarletspire, Stark Scarlet Spire

Trent
Type: dual

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured with a faint green tinge. Somewhat coarse-grained, firm and crisp. Moderately juicy, slightly tart.

Tuscan
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Type: dessert

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, crisp and juicy. Sweet sharp. Very similar to its Greensleeves parentage.

Synonyms: Bolero, Emerald Spire, Emeraldspire, Ballerina Emerald Spire.

Tydeman’s Early Worcester
Tydeman’s Early Worcester
Type: apple

characteristics: White flesh. Fine?grained, crisp, juicy sweet with slight acidity. The skin tends to be somewhat jewy. The aroma is reminiscent of sweet apple cider and ...

Synonyms: Early Worcester, Tydeman's Red, Tydeman Early, Tydeman s Early, Tydeman's ...

Tydeman's Michaelmas Red
Tydeman's Michaelmas Red
Type: apple

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, soft. Very juicy and sweet with a vinous, raspberry flavour. Refreshing.

Synonyms: Michaelmas Red, Tydeman's Red

Viking (Guerney)
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Type: dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream, fine-grained and soft. Juicy, somewhat tart and aromatic.

Synonyms: Guerney. Guerney Viking, sometimes misspelled Vicking

Ottawa 627
Ottawa 627
Type: cider

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, crunchy. Very juicy and sweet with a sharp bite.

Synonyms: Rouville