Pomiferous

Welcome to the world's most extensive apples (pommes) database.

Information on over 7,000 apples is available here, all carefully researched and provided in a way that is easy to navigate.

Name:

Pollination group:

McIntosh

Synonyms: Gem, MacIntosh, McIntosh Red, Mac, Mack

Identification: Medium size tending to large, round to round flat. Base skin colour is green but almost completely covered with a dark red blush when ripe. A thin bloom is often present. Small light coloured dots. The calyx is very small and closed, set in a shallow basin. The stem is short to long and slender, set in a medium deep and funnel-shaped cavity.

Characteristics: Flesh is bright white stained red next to the skin, crisp, mildly tart, quite sweet and tasting somewhat of elderberry and spice. Tends to lose its tartness in storage, but becomes mealy with little or no tang after a couple of months. Brix 11.4.

Uses: A fresh-eating apple, not well suited for cooking. Widely used for making juice and cider. The best flavour comes from apples that have ripened on the tree and are eaten soon thereafter. Look for Macs with the stem still attached since they lose their stem when over ripe. Also, a dull skin indicates that the apple has been in storage for a long time.

Origins: Discovered as a chance seedling by John McIntosh, a United Empire Loyalist. He fled from New York State (U.S.A.) to Ontario (Canada) in the 1770s where he purchased a property in Dundas County. In 1796, while clearing some land, he found 20 apple trees growing wild. In transplanting the trees closer to his house, all but one died and it eventually became the source of one of the most widely grown apples and most influential cultivars, giving rise to a long list of varietals. It was known as the Gem until 1935. Probably a cross between Fameuse and Detroit Red .

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, upright spreading, spur bearer. Starts to produce fairly young, but has a tendency to bear the heaviest crops every other year. Requires a lot of pruning due to vigorous sucker growth. Very hardy. Ripens best in areas of full sun and cool nights.

Ploidism: Diploid. Partially self-fertile but produces best in proximity to trees with compatible pollen.

Notes: The McIntosh is parent to more than 100 cultivars, partly because of its winter hardiness tolerances. It is also the national apple of Canada. A historic marker devoted to the McIntosh apple stands at Upper Canada Village heritage Park, near where the original tree grew until 1910. Prior to its demise, cuttings of the tree were saved for propagation.

Cold storage: Can be kept up to three months without, but it tends to be fussy, becoming mealy if the temperature is too cold or too warm.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to canker and scab. Moderately susceptible to blight. Very resistant to rust, somewhat to mildew.

Harvest: Matures in middle portion of fourth period (125 to 145 days after petal drop) and subject to pre-harvest drop.

Brix: 11.4

Specific gravity: 1.046

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Cooking, Culinary, Cider, Dessert, Juice, Pie, Sauce

Hardiness Zone min: 4

Hardiness Zone max: 7

Pollination group: B

Pollination day: 7


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Associated apples:

Alton
Alton
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, often with a red stain under the skin. Very similar to the Crimson Beauty in flavour and texture.

Auksis
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is yellow and tender. Very juicy, sweet?tart and fragrant.

Barry
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, often stained red next to the skin. Coarse-grained, somewhat firm. Juicy, sweet- tart and slightly aromatic.

Belmac
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Type: Culinary, Dessert, Pie, Sauce

summary: A Mac-style apple but more hardy and disease resistant.

Blair
Blair
Type: Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm, crisp and fine textured. Juicy, sprightly and aromatic. Keeps up to five months in cold storage.

Charlotte
Charlotte
Type: Culinary

characteristics: The flesh is white. Crisp. Sweet-sharp

Synonyms: Hercules, Irishspire, Irish Spire, Ballarina Charlotte, Stark Irish Spire.

Greendale
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, semi-firm.

Hadlock Reinette
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Type: Cider, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is ???????? fine?grained and firm. Juicy, sweet sharp. Keeps one month in cold storage.

Hampshire
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Type: Cooking, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained, firm, crisp and juicy. Sweet, spritely and becomes quite aromatic when allowed to ripen fully on the tree. Keeps three ...

Synonyms: Gould. This variety is often listed as being a mutation of McIntosh which is ...

Davey >>is this Davies or Davis?????
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is light green, firm, slightly coarse? grained and crisp. Juicy, somewhat sweet, brisk and with a distinct strawberry flavour.

Dunning
Dunning
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white with pale red stains next to the skin. Juicy and candyfloss sweet.

Earlidel
Earlidel
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured. sweet.

Synonyms: Early Del, Applethorpe Earlidel

Empire
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: Bright white flesh. Crisp and fragrant with hints of melon, pineapple and sometimes elderflower, sweet with a distinct tang.

Fantazja
Fantazja
Type:

origins: Antonovka Obiknovannya x Limonchella

Fireside
Fireside
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, medium coarse, firm and crisp. Somewhat juicy, sweet and sprightly. Aromatic.

Fortosh
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is pale yellow. crombly. Sweet, fruity with an aroma of roses. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Franklin
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp and aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Fushuai
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Type:

origins: Early McIntosh X Golden Delicious, Hunan (China). Released in 1977.

Gloucester Royal
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarseVery sweet and almost no acidity. The skin is rather tough. Keeps for t months in cold storage.

Jonamac
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is semi-firm, white tending to cream colour when fully ripe. Juicy with mild acidity, very sweet with hints of strawberry. The apple bruises easily.

Synonyms: Initially designated NY44428?5.

Joyce
Joyce
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft, tender and coarse-grained. Juicy, sweet with mild acidity and hints of raspberries.

Synonyms: This is not the same apple as Joyce Allardice .

Jubilee
Type: Cooking, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, firm, crisp, crunchy and fine-grained. Juicy, moderately sweet-tart.

Synonyms: Note that September Wonder , a mutation of Fuji, is often referred to as Jubilee. In ...

July Red
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft. Juicy, sweet with hints of loganberry.

Synonyms: Julyred

Killand
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Type:

origins: — McIntosh x Dolgo, W. P. Baird, Northern Great Plains Field Station, Mandan, North Dakota, USA, introduced, 1957

Kitakami
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish. Juicy and sweet. Mild.

Lobo
Lobo
Type: Dessert, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is very white, often with faint red stain under the skin. Somewhat crisp, tender and with a fine grained. Juicy and sweet with a hint of strawberry. Tends ...

Synonyms: Sometimes erroneously called Imperial McIntosh. This name actually refers to the ...

MacExel or MacExcel
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white and mild. Keeps up to two months in cold storage.

Macfree
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Type: Cooking, Dessert, Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is white with a slight green tinge, firm, moderately coarse. Juicy and slightly tart.

Macoun
Macoun
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

summary: Developed in New York State in the 1920s, this progeny of the McIntosh is a refreshing eating apple and makes great apple sauce.

Synonyms: Mekaun

Macwood
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarse?grained, soft. very sweet. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Mahogany
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Type:

origins: — Red Hook ( McIntosh seedling) x ‘Strummer Pippin, 1962, New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA

Maypole <<<<<Ballerina>>>>
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Type: Jelly

characteristics: Flesh is dark red.

Synonyms: Ballerina, Ballerina Crab, Colonnade, Maypole Colonnade, Maypole Ballerina

McShay
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Type: Dessert

summary: One of the apples developed early in the cooperative breeding programme carried out between Purdue University, Rutgers University and the University of ...

Synonyms: MacShay, Shay

Melba
Melba
Type: Cooking, Dessert, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is white, tender and melting. Juicy, sweet, slightly tart, with aromas of strawberry.

Merton Charm
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine grained, and tender. Juicy and sweet, aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Merton’s Charm

Moira
Moira
Type: Culinary, Dessert, Jelly, Juice, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is creamy white with an occasional tinge of pale green. Tender, slightly coarse-grained, firm and juicy. Sweet-tart.

Synonyms: Commercial test code O548.

Murray
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, soft and fine-grained. Juicy and sharp.

Newtosh
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is pale green, crisp, firm and fine-grained. Juicy, sweet, slightly tart and a slight strawberry flavour. Keeps four months in cold storage. Four ...

Northland
Northland
Type:

origins: — McIntosh x Dolgo, 1926, University of Minnesota, Fruit Breeding Farm, Excelsior, Minnesota, USA, introduced, 1957, crabapple

Orlovskoje Polosatoje
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Type:

origins: Russia, Oriol McIntosh x Bessemianka Micurina

Patricia
Patricia
Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish stained red under the skin. Soft and tender, melting. Juicy, sweet, very mild acidity, with strawberry and melon flavours.

Puritan
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Type: Cooking

characteristics: The flesh is white, tender and sfot. Juicy and sweet?tart. Tends to become mealy very quickly.

Red Hook
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, often stained red, fine grained and soft. Juicy, sweet?sharp, aromatic.

Synonyms: Redhook

Redhook
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is pink, coarse grained, firm. Juicy.

September Ruby
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Type: Cider, Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white. Sharp and juicy.

Shamrock
Shamrock
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, coarse-grained and firm. Juicy, sprightly, sweet and aromatic. Resists browning when cut open.

Sharon
Sharon
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, fine grained, tender and crisp. Juicy and sweet.

Spartan
Type: Cider, Eating, Juice

summary: The first of many apples developed at the Canada Agriculture Research Station in Summerland, British Columbia, the Spartan remains a favoured multi-purpose ...

Spencer
Spencer
Type: Eating

summary: A very sweet and juicy apple with plenty of cold hardiness, bred in Canada for both commercial and hobby orchards.

Synonyms: Tested as S-5-4. The varietal name can also refer to an American heritage apple ...

Summerland
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, very fine grained, firm and crisp, melting. Very juicy, sweet, sprightly, with raspberry flavours.

Summerred
Summerred
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained, firm and crisp. Very juicy, sweet and sprightly with strawberry flavours.

Synonyms: Summered, Summer Red. Tested as 9E-11-40.

Sunrise
Type: Dessert, Eating

summary: A refreshing summer apple with strawberry flavours, best eaten straight from the tree.

Synonyms: There is also a British cultivar by the name Sunrise . Also, the Oxford Sunrise is sometimes ...

Supermac
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp, firm and juicy. Slightly tart, aromatic flavour. Resistant to browning when exposed to air.

Sweet McIntosh
Sweet McIntosh
Type: Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is pale green, fine grained, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, and aromatic with only a slight acidity.

Toshfor
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Type:

origins: — McIntosh x Forest,Õ Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1926

Toshkee
Toshkee
Type:

origins: — McIntosh x MilwaEnglandee, Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1923

Toshlaw
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Type:

origins: — McIntosh x Lawver,Õ Canada Department Agriculture Research Station, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, introduced, 1925

Trajan
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, firm and juicy with good sweet?tart balance.

Synonyms: Polka, Ballerina Polka, Scarletspire, Stark Scarlet Spire

Trent
Type: Eating

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured with a faint green tinge. Somewhat coarse-grained, firm and crisp. Moderately juicy, slightly tart.

Tuscan
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, crisp and juicy. Sweet sharp. Very similar to its Greensleeves parentage.

Synonyms: Bolero, Emerald Spire, Emeraldspire, Ballerina Emerald Spire.

Tydeman’s Early Worcester
Tydeman’s Early Worcester
Type: Eating, Pie

characteristics: White flesh. Fine?grained, crisp, juicy sweet with slight acidity. The skin tends to be somewhat jewy. The aroma is reminiscent of sweet apple cider and ...

Synonyms: Early Worcester, Tydeman's Red, Tydeman Early, Tydeman s Early, Tydeman's ...

Tydeman's Michaelmas Red
Tydeman's Michaelmas Red
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, soft. Very juicy and sweet with a vinous, raspberry flavour. Refreshing.

Synonyms: Michaelmas Red, Tydeman's Red

Guerney Viking
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is cream, fine-grained and soft. Juicy, somewhat tart and aromatic.

Synonyms: Guerney. sometimes misspelled Vicking. There is also a cultivar named Viking ...

Ottawa 627
Ottawa 627
Type: Cooking, Cider, Dessert, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, crunchy. Very juicy and sweet with a sharp bite.

Synonyms: Rouville