Pomiferous

Welcome to the world's most extensive apples (pommes) database.

Information on over 7,000 apples is available here, all carefully researched and provided in a way that is easy to navigate.

Name:

Pollination group:

Kidd's D-8

Synonyms: Gala. Marketed as Kidd's Gala and Gala Delicious. Often called Royal Gala , however this is the synonym for a mutation of the original Kidd's D-8.

Identification: Small to medium, oblong apple tending to be conic. Prominently ribbed at the eye. Background skin is golden yellow over which are orange and crimson broken stripes and flushes. The skin tends to be thin. The stem is long and slender, set in a deep, moderately open and russeted cavity.

Characteristics: Flesh is creamy white, somewhat grainy and firm. A crisp, juicy, sweet and sprightly apple which has considerable flavour typical of Cox's Orange Pippin when tree-ripened. However, most commercially available Galas are picked before they are fully ripe and the flavour fades after picking, so store bought apples rarely demonstrate the full character of this variety.

Uses: Primarily a fresh eating, supermarket apple. Though it holds up well for cooking, the flavour becomes somewhat bland.

Origins: This is one of many experimental crossings of popular North American dessert apples carried out by Hutton Kidd during the 1930s on his 20-acre orchard in New Zealand’s Wairarapa Valley. In this case, he cross-pollinated a Golden Delicious with Kidd’s Orange Red (itself a Golden Delicious and Cox’s Orange Pippin cross developed by Kidd). What was to become the Gala was one of several hundred seedlings planted by Kidd though he passed away in 1945, before the final selection could be made. Dr. Don McKenzie of New Zealand’s Department of Scientific and Industrial Research continued the program at the Havelock North Research Station and, when the young trees finally fruited during the late 1940s only one of the several hundred seedlings planted by Kidd exhibited the right combination of size, colour, flavour and productivity he had been looking. Originally labelled Kidd’s D-8, it was renamed Gala in 1962, but commercial plantings of what has become one of the most successful apples in the world did not start until 1965 because New Zealand orchardists were unsure about its potential. Commercially introduced in 1960.

Cultivation: Well suited to a variety of growing situations, but Gala does best in a dry, warm climate. Precocious. Biennial. A good cropper with moderate vigour. It flowers profusely and needs to be thinned within a month after petal fall to ensure adequate size fruit. Spur bearing, upright spreading. The flowers tolerate late frosts.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self fertile, but produces best in the proximity of a source of compatible pollen. The bloom period is generally long which makes this a good pollinizer for other trees within its group.

Notes: The Kidd's D-8 is, for some reason, highly susceptible to growing mutations and over 200 mutations are currently listed with the numbers still growing. However, the thrust of the selection is driven by retail market which places the emphasis on appearance and availability rather than flavour and some of the mutations fall far short of what Hutton Kidd had envisioned.

20 weeks

Cold storage: Keep up to five months. Faded markings indicate that the apple has been in storage for a long.

Vulnerabilities: Very susceptible to scab. Somewhat susceptible to rust and mildew. Susceptible to fireblight, canker, but mildew resistant.

Harvest: Harvest takes place over a two-week span after the middle of the fourth period (140 to 160 days after petal fall). The fruit hangs well on the tree at maturity.

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Culinary, Dessert, Eating

Hardiness Zone min: 4

Hardiness Zone max: 9

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 8

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID


X

Associated apples:

8S-26-50
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream-colour, crisp, firm and juicy. Aromatic and sprightly.

Blushing Susan
Blushing Susan
Type: Dessert, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is white, fine grained, crisp and crunchy. Juicy, sweet and sprightly. Slightly pineapple flavoured and aroma. It tends to brown only slightly when ...

Chinook
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The cream coloured flesh firm, crisp and juicy with a sweet-tart flavour that improves with storage. Some tendency to brown after the flesh has been exposed to ...

Synonyms: Tested as 8S-27-51

Civg198
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Type: Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is yellow white. Firm, crisp and sweet, lightly aromatic and slightly tart.

Synonyms: Marketed under the trademarked name ModiÑ after the Italian artist Modiglianiin ...

Civni
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, with a medium texture, firm and crunchy Aromatic and sweet with just enough acidity to give it a sprightly mouth feel. Keeps up to ...

Synonyms: Civina. Rubens. Not to be confused with the Dutch Rubens which is a Cox's Orange ...

Initial
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Type: Culinary, Dessert

summary: A Gala-style apple, this crimson dessert apple has good crunch, plenty of sweetness and just a touch of acidity.

Synonyms: Bred as X-6163

Delfloga
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Type: Dessert

summary: Created in France for Delbard Nurseries and released in 2008, the Delfloga is an excellent eating apple. It is also disease resistant and self fertile.

Synonyms: Marketed as Adore.

Roya
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Type: Eating

characteristics: T earlier and can be harvested two to four days earlier than and juicy. Tenroy. Also, the lenticels are less abundant and rounded

Synonyms: The name Gala is often applied to this variety. Found as a whole tree mutation ...

Galarina
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Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The yellowish-white (sometimes with red tinges close to the skin) flesh is crisp, firm and juicy. Aromatic and somewhat tart. Resists browning for several hours ...

Galmac
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white, crunchy and firm. Sweet tart and aromatic.

Kidd’s Orange Red
Kidd’s Orange Red
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is light cream coloured, dense and firm. Crunchy, very juicy. Aromatic, honeyed flavour and sweet, sweeter, in fact, than the Cox, thanks to the red ...

Synonyms: Delco, Kidd’s Orange, Kidd’s 28

Kizashi
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white. Juicy , acid. Does not keep well.

La Flamboyante
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish. Crisp, firm. Juicy. Very sweet and pleasantly tart. Aromatic.

Synonyms: Marketed as Mairac

Mairac
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Type: Dessert

summary: Please see La Flamboyante

Nevson
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained,firm, crisp. Juicy and exceptionally sweet with no acidity. Flavour sugar cane.

Synonyms: Marketed as Sonya

Nicoter
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Yellowish flesh is crisp, firm and crunchy. Juicy, slightly sharp with a mild apple flavour.

Synonyms: Marketed as Kanzi which is Swahili for "hidden treasure."

Prem1A
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Type:

origins: introduced in 2005 A release from Prevar that is non?exclusive, ÔSweetieÕ has similarity to Gala and is being tested in several different locations in the ...

Synonyms: Var?One. Marketed at Sweetie by Prevar.

PremA153
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Type:

characteristics: Firm and crunchy

PremA193
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Type:

characteristics: crunchy sweet

Rubens CIVNI
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Type:

origins: — 1988 croxx ov Gala and Elstar, by M. Leis, G. Castagnoli, A Martinellis, Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti (CIV), in Ferrara (Italy). USPP 14,177

Synonyms: There is also a Ruben apple which was developed in the 1940s in the Netherlands. ...

Sansa
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Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, fine grained, crisp, very sweet, with little acidity. Aromatic, spicy and fruity.

Sciearly
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Type: Eating

characteristics: Firm and juicy with a sweet flavour.

Synonyms: Pacific Beauty

Scifresh T-273
Scifresh T-273
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is butter-yellow, dense, crisp and juicy with a touch of tartness and plenty of sweetness. Properly ripened apples will have a distinct pear drop flavour. ...

Synonyms: Scifresh. Marketed as Jazz by Enzafruit (formerly theNew Zealand Apple & Pear ...

Sciglo
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Type:

origins: — Gala x Splendour, 1975, Dr. Don McKenzie & Mr. Alan White, The Horticulture Food Research Institute, New Zealand Ltd. Palmerston North, New Zealand

Synonyms: Southern Snap

Scilate
Scilate
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, coarse-grained and quite crunchy. Very sweet, very juicy with moderate tanginess and hints of cream, banana and ending with sweet green ...

Synonyms: Marketed under the name Envy.

Sciray
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Type:

origins: — Gala x Splendour, 1975, Dr. Don McKenzie & Mr. Alan White, The Horticulture Food Research Institute, New Zealand Ltd. Palmerston North, New Zealand

Synonyms: GS48

Scired
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Type:

origins: Yet another variety that originated from the cross between Gala and Splendour apples by Allan White and Don McKenzie for the New Zealand Horticulture Research ...

Synonyms: Pacific Queen

Scirose
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Type: Eating

characteristics: White, crisp flesh, fine?grained,firm and crisp with a noticable crunch. Sweet with a slight acidity and aromatic with distinct notes of pineapple. ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Pacific Rose, also Pacific Red. Sometimes also refered to as Scired, ...

Southern Snap
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Type:

origins: — Gala x Spendour, Hort Research Breeding Program, Havelock North, New Zealand

SPA440
SPA440
Type: Dessert, Eating

summary: Large, crisp and sweet apple fruit, ripens late season

Synonyms: Marketed as Nicola. Sometimes called N'kwala.

Salish
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, firm, crisp, and crunchy. Juicy, sweet and slightly tart. The flesh tends to brown quickly when exposed to air.

Synonyms: SPA 493

Apples with a similar sounding name:

Cauley
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, crisp and juicy. Often mild in flavour.

Synonyms: Cally, Colley

Cola
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is sweet and aromatic.

Cole
Cole
Type: Cooking

characteristics: The flesh is which, firm, juicy and sweet. Brisk.

Colley
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Type:

summary: not available

Coyle
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Type:

summary: from Botner list

Kelly#1
Kelly#1
Type:

summary: not available

Kile
Kile
Type:

characteristics: juicy sweet aromatic. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Kola
Type: Ornamental

origins: Developed by Dr. Neils E. Hansen at the South Dakota Experiment Station in Brookings, South Dakota (U.S.A.) by crossing Elk River with Malus pumila Duchess. ...

Gala
Gala
Type: Dessert

summary: Please see Kidd's D-8

Gala 2013
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Type:

summary: A limb mutation of Kidd's D-8 found by A. Defranceschi at Terlan (Italy) in early 2000s. Solid red wash, no striping. Colours earlier than the parent.