Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Ben Davis

Synonyms: Baltimore Pippin, Baltimore Red, Baltimore Red Streak, Carolina Red Cheek, Carolina Red Streak, Davis, Davies, Funkhouser, Hutchinson s Pippin, Joe Allen, Illinois Red, Kentucky Pippin, Kentucky Red Streak, Mortgage Lifter, New York Pippin (there is also a cultivar that goes by this name, see New York 73334—35 ), Red Pippin (See also Red Pippin ), Robinson's Streak, Tenant Red, Victoria Pippin, Victoria Red and Virginia Pippin.

Identification: Medium to large apple, round conic, often unsymmetrical. Tough, thick, smooth, waxy skin. The base colour is bright yellow with bright red flushes and stripes. Small but distinct brownish dots.The stem is medium long, slender and is set in a deep cavity which is sometimes russetted.

Characteristics: The flesh is white with some tinges of yellow. Coarse-grained. Juicy, sweet and mildly acidic but often dry and woolly. Resists bruising.

Uses: Passable as a fresh eating apple but makes a good apple sauce. Often used for making dried apple rings.

Origins: Found as a wild seedling by Bill Davis in 1799 in Virginia or North Carolina and transplanted to Butler County, Kentucky (U.S.A.). However, it was not until sometime in the 1840s when Captain Ben Davis took cuttings from the tree and used them to establish an orchard. From there, its popularity grew and, within a quarter century, the Ben Davis became an important variety through much of the United States because it stores well and resists bruising and was grown throughout the United States under a long list of local names. The parentage is likely in a long forgotten apple core and virtually impossible to determine by conventional means.

Cultivation: The tree is vigorous and upright, round spreading. It starts to produce fruit while still young and does so annually with heavy crops. Suitable for Hardiness Zones 4 to 8, but needs a long growing season to fully ripen.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self sterile.

Progeny: Cortland

Mutations: Black Ben Davis

Notes: The Ben Davis was crossed with McIntosh to produce the Cortland . Often dubbed the “mortgage lifter” because its abundant fruit was in demand through the late 1800s and into the early 1900s. It was and still is, to some extent, frequently planted as a source of ample pollen for Winesap apples.

20 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps up to five months in cold storage.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to scab and canker. Moderately susceptible to fire blight. Highly resistant to mildew. Very resistant to woolly aphid.

Harvest: Ready for harvest early in the fourth period. Fruit hangs well after ripening.

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Eating, Sauce

Hardiness Zone min: 4

Hardiness Zone max: 8

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 15

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID


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Associated apples:

Cortland
Type: Culinary, Cider, Dessert

characteristics: Flesh is white and turns brown only slowly when exposed to air. Tender, crisp and medium fine grained. Sweet-tart flavour with hints of strawberry, rose petal ...

Synonyms: Courtland

Herkimr
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Type:

origins: Herkimr — Ben Davis x ÔGreen Newton,Õ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1914

Onondaga
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis x McIntosh,’ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1915

Otsego
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis x McIntosh,’ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1914

Ozark Gold
Ozark Gold
Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is white, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, mildly honeyed, almost bland flavour. Keeps barely a month in storage before turning soft and losi flavour.

Payette
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Type: Cooking, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is fine?grained and firm. Moderately sweet and tart.

Resselaer
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis x Jonathan,Õ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1914

Rockland
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis x Mother,Õ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1914

Saratoga
Saratoga
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured. Medium fine grained. firm Tends to brown when exposed to air.

Schenectady
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis x Mother,Õ New York State Agriculture Experiment Station, Geneva, New York, USA, introduced, 1915

Webster
Webster
Type: Cooking, Culinary, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, coarse grained and soft., Sharp and fruity.

Wright
Wright
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured. Firm. Moderately juicy, slightly acidic and aromatic.