Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

James Grieve

Identification: Medium to large and round-conic with light ribbing. The skin is thin and greenish-yellow to yellow, striped red on the sun-exposed face and has a satin sheen. The stem is moderately long and slender, set in a deep, wide and very russetted cavity. The calyx is small and closed, set in a shallow slightly pleated basin. Once ripe, the surface of the skin has a very greasy feel.

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy-white, fine-grained and soft when ripe, much like that of a firm Anjou pear. It tends to be on the sharp side, but it will sweeten and become milder with a week or two of storage. It keeps its shape when cooked. The fruit bruises easily.

Uses: A good fresh-eating apple when fully ripened. Less than fully tree-ripened fruit is wonderful for baking and apple juice.

Origins: Developed in the late 1800s by James Grieve of Edinburgh (Scotland) by cross-pollinating Potts' Seedling with Cox’s Orange Pippin . It was introduced in 1893 by Dickson's Nursery and received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Merit in 1897 followed by a First Class Certificate in 1906.

Cultivation: Upright spreading tree, of moderate vigour. Spur bearer. Heavy cropper. Tolerates late frosts. Fruit bruises easily.

Ploidism: Self fertile but produces best in the proximity of a suitable source of pollen.

Mutations: James Grieve Red

Notes: More often than not, the James Grieve sold in markets is actually the James Grieve Red because the colour is more appealing to consumers. There is no discernible difference in the taste and texture between the two.

3 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps about three weeks.

Vulnerabilities: Prone to scab and canker. Highly susceptible to fire blight.

Harvest: In the middle of the third period (110 to 130 days after petal drop), but the fruit has a tendency to drop in hot weather.

Brix: 10.6

Specific gravity: 1.043

Acidity: 7.9

Type(s): Cider, Eating, Juice

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 10


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Associated apples:

Bedfordshire Foundling
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Type: Cooking

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, coarse-grained, tender, but firm. Juicy and sweet-sharp. Rich flavour

Synonyms: Bedford Foundling, Cambridge Pippin

Goro
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is ??????????. Fruity and sharp.

Hardy Cumberland
Hardy Cumberland
Type: Cooking, Cider, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarse-grained and breaking. Juicy and sweet with mild flavour.

Synonyms: Cumberland, Cumberland Seedling

Hawkeye
Hawkeye
Type: Dessert, Eating

summary: This is the original apple that started the massive trend to supermarket apples with its mutation, best known as the Red Delicious.

Synonyms: Hawkeye Delicious, Heritage Delicious, Old-fashioned Delicious, Red Delicious, ...

Fugachee
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp. Juicy, sweet with low acidity

Jonagold
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, medium-grained, crisp and crunchy. Juicy with a tart-sweet, honeyed taste. The flesh turns brown as it oxidizes, albeit slowly.

Synonyms: Jona Gold, Nured

King George V
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine?grained and firm. Moderately juicy and very tart when first picked but mellowing in storage. becoming sweet with rich ...

Königin Sophienapfel
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Type: Cooking, Cider, Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, somewhat fine?grained, firm and c oderately juicy and sweet?tart. Tends to brown very slowly when expose Keeps for four months in ...

Synonyms: Blanke Zoete Renet, Kirk’s Lemon Pippin, Kirkes Lemon Pippin, Lemon Pippin, ...

Laxton’s Fortune
Laxton’s Fortune
Type: Dessert

characteristics: Firm, creamy white flesh, moderately firm. Crisp, coarse-grained, juicy and sweet. Hints of aniseed and banana. Be sure to let it ripen completely on the tree ...

Synonyms: Fortune (note that there is another cultivar named Fortune which is a cross ...

Pinova
Pinova
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, firm and fine-grained. Juicy, sweet tart, spicy flavour. Under some conditions, it can become astringent. Brix 11.8 degrees.

Synonyms: Pioneer, Corail, Pinata, Piñata, Sonata

Pitmaston Pineapple
Type: Cider, Dessert, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, tender, juicy and sweet with a nutty, honeyed/musky flavour and hints of pineapple tartness.

Synonyms: Ananas, Pine Apple, Pineapple, Pineapple Pippin, Pitmaston Pineapple, ...

Priolov Delises
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, soft. Juicy and sweet, somewhat honeyed.

Synonyms: Priol's Delicious

Reinette d Automne
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Type:

characteristics: Thin skinned. The flesh is white, sometimes pale yellow, fine?grained, crunchy. Juicy and very sweet, slightly tart and aromatic.

Synonyms: PŽpin d’Or

Rewena
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Type: Culinary, Cider, Dessert, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm, fine grained, juicy, well flavoured but rather tart. Bland flavour. Brix 11.0, acidity 8.0 g/litre

Robinson's Pippin
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, crisp and tender. Sweet and very juicy with good flavour.

Synonyms: Robinson Pippin, Robinson though this synonym is used for a number of other ...

Sayaka
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is yellow, sweet, firm

Scarlet Nonpareil
Scarlet Nonpareil
Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, fine grained and firm. Juicy and intensely sweet and fruity.

Synonyms: New Scarlet Nonpareil, Saint Augustine’s Orange, Sheppard’s Nonpareil

Telamon
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The cream coloured flesh is crisp. Juicy and sweet with a degree of tartness.

Synonyms: Waltz, Ultraspire, Ballerina Waltz.