Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Cox’s Orange Pippin

Synonyms: Cox, Cox's Orange, Cox's Orange Reinette.

Identification: Medium size, round and slightly conic. Skin is yellowish green to golden yellow with a orange red blush and broken stripes. The eye is medium to large, partly open with long and pointed slender petals, set in a medium deep, wide basin which is surrounded by a faintly knobbed crown. The stem is medium long and medium thickness, often with a fleshy swelling off to one side, set in a moderately deep and funnel shaped cavity which is usually russeted with rays extend onto the shoulder. Light coloured, russeted lenticels are sparsely scattered toward the stem end.

Characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained and firm. Very juicy and sweet-tart when first harvested but maturing sweet. Aromatic. Taste is somewhat spicy, highly complex with hints of pear, melon and oranges. High Vitamin C content 10.5 mg/100g. Brix 12.9, acidity 9.2 g/litre.

Uses: Best eaten fresh. Considered one of the finest dessert apples.

Origins: Raised by retired brewer and amateur horticulturist Richard Cox who, in 1825, planted some open pollinated pippins from a Ribston Pippin on his one-acre hobby garden at Colnbrook Lawn near Slough, Buckinghamshire (U.K.). Two of the seeds took: one became Cox’s Orange Pippin, the other Cox’s Pomona. It was introduced for sale in 1850 by Smales & Son Nurseries and an Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit and First Class Certificate in 1862. The original tree was destroyed by a storm in 1911.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous and upright spreading. The fruit develops on spurs. Late bloomer but resistent to frosts. Hardiness zones 4 through 10. Difficult to grow in anything but a dry climate. Well suited to espalier training. Requires potash.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self fertile, but crops improve with a compatible pollinizer.

Progeny: The Cox has been widely used in the creation of new varieties, with over 60 direct progeny to date, among them Gala and Sansa.

Notes: The seeds can be heard rattling when a fully mature apple is shaken.

12 weeks

Cold storage: Apple stores well for up to three months, improving the flavour but eventually losing their crispness.

Vulnerabilities: Prone to disease when grown in damp, cold areas, particularly scab and canker. Very susceptible to mildew. Highly susceptible to fire blight

Harvest: In the last half of the fourth period (130 to 160 days after petal fall).

Brix: 12.9

Specific gravity: 1052.1731121398

Acidity: 9.2

Harvest period: 4

Status: dessert

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 11

Associated apples:

Arthur W. Barnes
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is greenish, fine?grained and crisp. Very juicy and tart.

Synonyms: A.W. Barnes

Carswell’s Orange
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Type: apple

Characteristics: Flesh is yellow, sweet?sharp aromatic

Clopton Red
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Type: apple

Characteristics: sweet juicy

Cobra
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is tangy and fresh tasting

Edith Hopwood
Edith Hopwood
Type: dessert

Summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Francis
Francis
Type: dessert

Summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Synonyms: Francis Thorrington

Jupiter
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is pale green, dense and crunchy. Juicy and sweet, somewhat tart and aromatic.

Synonyms: Malling Jupiter

Laxton's Exquisite
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Type: apple

Characteristics: Sweet and slightly aromatic. Aniseed.

Laxton's Favourite
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is white, coarse?grained and crisp, Juicy and sweet. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Fortune
Laxton’s Fortune
Type: apple

Characteristics: Firm, creamy white flesh, moderately firm. Crisp, juicy and sweet. Hints of aniseed and banara. Be sure to let it ripen completely on the tree before picking to ...

Synonyms: Fortune (note that there is another cultivar with this name which is a cross ...

Laxton’s Pearmain
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, somewhat tart and quite aromatic, flavourful. Keeps four months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Bedford Pearmain

Laxton’s Royalty
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is white with green tinges, especially next to the skin. Firm and hard. Juicy and somewhat sweet, quite aromatic. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Triumph
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained and firm, Juicy, sweet?sharp and highly aromatic. keeps three months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Victory
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Type: apple

Characteristics: fine?grained, crisp. Juicy, weet and aromatic flesh. Highly flavourful. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Martini
Martini
Type: dessert

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy white with tinges of green. Firm and crisp. Sweet and slightly sprightly, flavourful.

Merton Charm
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine grained, and tender. Juicy and sweet, aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Merton’s Charm

Merton Russet
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is greenish, firm, crisp and tender. Moderately juicy and sweet with an acid drop flavour. The initial sharpness tends to mellow in storage. Keeps fou ...

Oranje de Sonnaville
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is ??????? coarse grained. Sweet and aromatic. Keeps one month.

Polly Prosser
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarse grained, firm. Juicy, sweet, aromatic and rich.

Synonyms: Polly, but note that this is also a synonym for Golden Ball, Polly Eades, Polly ...

Prince Charles
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet and slightly tart and lightly aromatic.

Ruby
Ruby
Type: dessert

Summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Synonyms: Thorrington Ruby, Thorrington

Tydeman’s Late Orange
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, crisp, firm and juicy. Sweet and somewhat sharp with the rich flavours and aroma of Cox s Orange Pippin. The sharpness tends to mell ...

Synonyms: Tydeman, Tydeman Orange, Tydeman's Late Cox

Winston
Winston
Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy? white, fine grained and firm. Juicy and sweet?sharp. Aromatic, with nutty flavour.

Synonyms: Originally introduced as Winter King, but later renamed to Winston. Also known ...

Worcester Cross
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is pale cream coloured, firm and crisp. Sweet and slightly tart. Fruity and aromatic.

Yellow Ingestrie
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Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is yellow, fine grained, tender. Sweet sharp, fruity.

Synonyms: Early Pippin, Early Yellow, Ingestrie, Little Golden Knob, Summer Golden Pippin, ...