Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Cox’s Orange Pippin

Synonyms: Cox, Cox's Orange, Cox's Orange Reinette.

Identification: Medium size, round and slightly conic. Skin is yellowish green to golden yellow with a orange red blush and broken stripes. The eye is medium to large, partly open with long and pointed slender petals, set in a medium deep, wide basin which is surrounded by a faintly knobbed crown. The stem is medium long and medium thickness, often with a fleshy swelling off to one side, set in a moderately deep and funnel shaped cavity which is usually russeted with rays extend onto the shoulder. Light coloured, russeted lenticels are sparsely scattered toward the stem end.

Characteristics: Flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained and firm. Very juicy and sweet-tart when first harvested but maturing sweet. Aromatic. Taste is somewhat spicy, highly complex with hints of pear, melon and oranges. High Vitamin C content 10.5 mg/100g.

Uses: Best eaten fresh. Considered one of the finest dessert apples.

Origins: Raised by retired brewer and amateur British horticulturist Richard Cox who, in 1825, planted some open-pollinated pippins from a Ribston Pippin on his one-acre hobby garden at Colnbrook Lawn near Slough, Buckinghamshire (U.K.). Two of the seeds took: one became Cox’s Orange Pippin, the other Cox’s Pomona . It was introduced for sale in 1850 by Smales & Son Nurseries and an Royal Horticultural Society Award of Merit and First Class Certificate in 1862. The original tree was destroyed by a storm in 1911.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous and upright spreading. The fruit develops on spurs. Late bloomer but resistent to frosts. Difficult to grow in anything but a dry climate. Well suited to espalier training. Requires potash.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self fertile, but crops improve with a compatible pollinizer.

Progeny: The Cox has been widely used in the creation of new varieties, with over 60 direct progeny to date, among them Gala and Sansa .

Notes: The seeds can be heard rattling when a fully mature apple is shaken.

12 weeks

Cold storage: Stores well for up to three months, improving the flavour but eventually losing their crispness.

Vulnerabilities: Prone to disease when grown in damp, cold areas, particularly scab and canker. Very susceptible to mildew. Highly susceptible to fire blight

Harvest: Late in the fourth period (130 to 160 days after petal fall).

Brix: 12.9

Specific gravity: 1.052

Acidity: 9.2

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Dessert, Eating

Hardiness Zone min: 4

Hardiness Zone max: 9

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 11

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID


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Associated apples:

Arthur W. Barnes
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Type: Cooking, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, fine?grained and crisp. Very juicy and tart.

Synonyms: A.W. Barnes

Carswell’s Orange
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Type:

characteristics: Flesh is yellow, sweet?sharp aromatic

Clopton Red
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Type:

characteristics: sweet juicy

Cobra
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Type: Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is tangy and fresh tasting

Edith Hopwood
Edith Hopwood
Type: Dessert

summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Francis
Francis
Type: Dessert

summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Synonyms: Francis Thorrington

Jupiter
Jupiter
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is cream-coloured, coarse-grained, dense and crunchy. Juicy and sweet, slightly tart and highly aromatic.

Synonyms: Malling Jupiter

Laxton's Exquisite
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Type:

characteristics: Sweet and slightly aromatic. Aniseed.

Laxton's Favourite
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, coarse?grained and crisp, Juicy and sweet. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Fortune
Laxton’s Fortune
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: Firm, creamy white flesh, moderately firm. Crisp, coarse-grained, juicy and sweet. Hints of aniseed and banana. Be sure to let it ripen completely on the tree ...

Synonyms: Fortune (note that there is another cultivar named Fortune which is a cross ...

Laxton’s Pearmain
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet, somewhat tart and quite aromatic, flavourful. Keeps four months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Bedford Pearmain

Laxton’s Royalty
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white with green tinges, especially next to the skin. Firm and hard. Juicy and somewhat sweet, quite aromatic. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Triumph
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, fine grained and firm, Juicy, sweet?sharp and highly aromatic. keeps three months in cold storage.

Laxton’s Victory
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: fine?grained, crisp. Juicy, weet and aromatic flesh. Highly flavourful. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Martini
Martini
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white with tinges of green. Firm and crisp. Sweet and slightly sprightly, flavourful.

Merton Charm
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine grained, and tender. Juicy and sweet, aromatic. Keeps two months in cold storage.

Synonyms: Merton’s Charm

Merton Russet
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish, firm, crisp and tender. Moderately juicy and sweet with an acid drop flavour. The initial sharpness tends to mellow in storage. Keeps ...

Oranje de Sonnaville
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is ??????? coarse grained. Sweet and aromatic. Keeps one month.

Polly Prosser
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, coarse grained, firm. Juicy, sweet, aromatic and rich.

Synonyms: Polly, but note that this is also a synonym for Golden Ball, Polly Eades, Polly ...

Prince Charles
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, firm and crisp. Juicy, sweet and slightly tart and lightly aromatic.

Ruby
Ruby
Type: Dessert

summary: This is one of several apples developed by F.W. Thorrington of Hornchurch, Essex, during the early 1900s.

Synonyms: Thorrington Ruby, Thorrington

Tydeman’s Late Orange
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Type: Eating

characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, crisp, firm and juicy. Sweet and somewhat sharp with the rich flavours and aroma of Cox s Orange Pippin. The sharpness tends to ...

Synonyms: Tydeman, Tydeman Orange, Tydeman's Late Cox

Winston
Winston
Type: Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is creamy? white, fine grained and firm. Juicy and sweet?sharp. Aromatic, with nutty flavour.

Synonyms: Originally introduced as Winter King, but later renamed to Winston. Also known ...

Worcester Cross
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is pale cream coloured, firm and crisp. Sweet and slightly tart. Fruity and aromatic.

Yellow Ingestrie
Yellow Ingestrie
Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellow, fine-grained, tender. Sweet-sharp, fruity.

Synonyms: Early Pippin, Early Yellow, Ingestrie, Little Golden Knob, Summer Golden Pippin, ...