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Pollination group:

Siberian Crabapple

Synonyms: Malus baccata, Chinese crab, Manchurian crab

Identification: Yellow, sometimes red, very small and grow in clusters, resembling cherries. Ripens in mid-autumn and fruit drops when ripe.

Characteristics: The flesh is very sour.

Uses: Ornamental and culinary. Can be dried for later use and also makes a flavourful but tart gelly. Also in folk medicine: a paste of the apple is applied to the forehead to relieve headaches. Also used for rootstock for grafting.

Origins: Native to eastern Asia from northern China to the Himalayas. Introduced into other areas, including Europe and North America.

Cultivation: Grows up to 14 metres high with a rounded crown. Prefers full sun. Hardy to zone 2

Ploidism: Diploid

Notes: Used extensively in breeding and rootstock development programmes because of its high resistance to scab. Several regional varieties exist: M. baccata var. baccata M. baccata var. daochengensis M. baccata var. gracilis M. baccata var. himalaica M. baccata var. jinxianensis M. baccata var. mandshurica M. baccata var. xiaojinensis

Type(s): Culinary, Jelly, Ornamental

Flowers: Pink buds open into large, white, fragrant. Single rows of five petals. Very profuse and fragrant.

Foliage: Green during spring and summer, golden yellow in the autumn.

Fruit: Small, yellow or red


Associated apples:

Alexis Crab
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Type: Cider, Jelly

characteristics: Sweet.

Synonyms: Sometimes refered to as Alexis, but this is used for a sport of McIntosh

Joe Trio
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origins: — Malus baccata cerasifeera x ÔMercer,Õ by Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1936 ...