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Pollination group:

Rhode Island Greening

Synonyms: Belle Dubois, Burlington, Burlington Greening, Jersey Greening, Ganges, Green Newton Pippin, Green Winter Pippin, Greening, Hampshire Greening, Lindley Green Newton Pippin, Louis XVIII, Rhode Island.

Identification: A large apple, uniformly round, often with ribbing at the eye and on the flanks. The skin colour is green to yellow with ripeness, sometimes with a orange blush on the sun exposed face and with a oily feel. Medium-sized lenticels are scattered over the face. The calyx is closed and set in a medium deep basin. The stem is long and medium thickness, set in a medium cavity with radiating russetting.

Characteristics: Flesh below the somewhat thick skin is greenish yellow, crisp, tender and quite tart.

Uses: An excellent cooking apple. Flesh turns golden brown when bake in a pie or of cooked for sauce. Holds its shape. Also makes excellent muffins. Sometimes used for making dried apple rings.

Origins: Grown from seed in the mid-1600s by the tavern keeper at Green’s End near Newport, Rhode Island (U.S.A.). He apparently gave cuttings from his seedlings to many of his patrons and the apples became known as “Green’s Inn apple from Rhode Island” and “apple from Green’s Inn.” The cuttings were so popular that the original tree died from the incessant stress. The Rhode Island Greening became as one of the popular apples of New York during the 1800s. It also made its way to Europe during the early 1800s where it became known as Louis XVIII, Roi d'Islande, Belle de Dubois, Belle des Bois, Reinette des Danois and Seeländer Reinette.

Cultivation: Vigorous, upright spreading, slightly drooping tip bearer. It has a tendancy to bear every other year. Hardy zones 5 to 7.

Ploidism: Though not a triploid, the Greening produces poor quality pollen.

Mutations: Rhode Island Greening Tetraploid

Notes: The Rhode Island Greening is the official fruit of the State of Rhode Island.

20 weeks

Cold storage: Up to five months. After a three months, the tartness mellows and it matures to a slightly tart but flavourful eating apple.

Vulnerabilities: Highly susceptible to fireblight, moderately so to scab, rust and mildew.

Harvest: Ripens during the first half of the fifth period (130 to 150 days after petal drop), but should be harvested slightly before fully mature to avoid fruit drop.

Status: dual

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 11

Flowers: White

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