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Pollination group:

Malus ioensis

Synonyms: Iowa Crab, Prairie Crab, Texas Crab

Identification: Small and round flattened. Base colour is green with fine russetting.

Characteristics: The flesh is white and firm. Astringent.

Uses: Ornamental and cooking. Used to make a tart apple jelly and jellied preserves. Also used for root stock.

Origins: Native to the prairie and open grasslands regions of North America, particularly in the upper Mississippi (U.S.A.) region, but also into Louisiana and Texas.

Cultivation: Upright spreading tree that will grow up to 9 metres, though it is generally encountered as a shrub in the wild. Irregular, wide and open crown. Tolerates dry and alkaline soils. Very prone to suckering and will develop into dense thicket unless the suckers are diligently removed every year. Tolerated full and partial sun. Grows best in Hardiness Zones 3 to 8.

Ploidism: Tetraploid

Mutations: Klehm's Improved Bechtel is more disease resistant.

Notes: The range of the Texas Crabapple (Malus ioensis var. texana) is limited to central Texas.

Vulnerabilities: Resistant to fire blight.

Harvest: Fruit is ripe in the middle of the fifth period and holds beyond maturity.

Harvest period: 5

Type(s): Cooking, Jelly, Ornamental

Hardiness Zone min: 3

Hardiness Zone max: 8

Flowers: Pale pink buds open to large, white, five petalled blossoms in dense clusters. Fragrant. Blooms late.

Foliage: Green changing to deep red in autumn

Fruit: Small berry sized, yellow green. Greasy skin.


Associated apples:

Nevis Crab
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origins: — Malus ioensis cross, Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1930, crabapple