Pomiferous

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Information on over 7,000 apples is available here, all carefully researched and provided in a way that is easy to navigate.

Name:

Pollination group:

Jonathan

Synonyms: Esopus Seedling, Johnathan (a common misspelling), Jonathon, King Philip, Philip Rick, Rick, Philip Rich Ulster, Ulster Seedling (after the county in New York State where it was found).

Identification: Medium size, round conic tending to oblong in shape. It is ribbed and five-pointed crown is just barely discernible. Tough, smooth skin. The background colour is pale yellow, covered about three quarters with bright crimson flush. Faintly striped. Light-coloured russet lenticels. Russeting can be prevalent in cold climates or if heavily sprayed for disease control. The stem is medium length, slender and set in a round cavity.

Characteristics: Flesh is white, juicy and sweet-tart. Very aromatic.

Uses: Eaten fresh but also popular for pies and sauce. It retains its shape when cooked.

Origins: Everyone concedes that the Jonathan was likely an Esopus Spitzenburg seedling discovered on the farm of Philip Rick in Woodstock, Ulster County, New York (U.S.A.) in the early years of 1800 and brought to the attention of the Albany Horticultural Society by Jonathan Hasbrouck in 1826 after whom, some say, the apple was subsequently named. Another version suggests that it grew from seeds collected by Rachel Higley at a cider mill in Connecticut and planted when she and her husband Jonathan homesteaded in Ohio.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, upright spreading, often with weeping limbs like a willow. A spur bearer, it crops fairly well on an annual basis but does best when about a third of the oldest spurs are cut back by about half on a rotating basis. It’s particularly happy growing in clay-loam soils.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self fertile but needs a pollinizer for optimum production.

Progeny: Jonathan is the seed parent to over 40 different cultivars and and pollen parent to an additional 35 varieties or more.

Cold storage: Does not store for any length of time.

Vulnerabilities: Very susceptible to powdery mildew, somewhat so to bitter rot, canker, scab, fire blight and cedar apple rust. Also susceptible to plum curiculio.

Harvest: Ripens in the middle of the fourth period (135 to 150 days after petal fall) and the fruit tends not to drop.

Brix: 12.3

Specific gravity: 1.050

Acidity: 7.9

Harvest period: 4

Type(s): Eating, Pie, Sauce

Hardiness Zone min: 5

Hardiness Zone max: 8

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 10

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID


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Associated apples:

Blushing Golden
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Type: Dessert, Eating, Juice

characteristics: Flesh is creamy yellow, somewhat coarse in texture, but firm. Juicy with a good sweet?tart balance. Hints of pear and banana and, to some people a fermented ...

Synonyms: Griffith, Griffith Gold, Stark's Blushing Gold, Stark's Blushing Golden

Bowden's Seedling
Bowden's Seedling
Type:

characteristics: The flesh is white with greenish tinges, soft. Juicy and sweet sharp.

Synonyms: Bowden Seedling'

Brock
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Type: Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp, juicy and sweet. Sprightly.

Cole
Cole
Type: Cooking

characteristics: The flesh is which, firm, juicy and sweet. Brisk.

Co-op 13
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is light cream coloured, firm, medium grained, firm, crisp and juicy. Mild flavour and acidity.

Synonyms: Marketed as Redfree

Co-op 43
Co-op 43
Type: Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh colour varies from white to light straw. Very fine textured, crisp, crunchy, breaking and juicy. Juicy, sweet and slightly tart with a honeyed aroma. ...

Synonyms: Marketed as Juliet

Gosho
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Type:

origins: One of several seedlings selected from the pollination of Jonathan with Northern Spy, a program which also produced the Hakko cultivar. Aomori Apple Experiment ...

Hakko
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Type:

origins: One of several seedlings selected from the pollination of Jonathan with Northern Spy, a program which also produced the Gosho cultivar. Aomori Apple Experiment ...

Hatsuaki
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Type:

characteristics: The skin tends to be tough. The flesh is yellowish, crisp. Juicy and sweet to sweet?sharp.

Synonyms: Hatsvaki

Himekami
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Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, juicy and sweet, slightly tart.

Hirano
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Type:

origins: One of several seedlings selected from the pollination of Jonathan with Northern Spy, a program which also produced the Gosho and Hakko cultivars. Aomori Apple ...

Holiday
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white and crisp. Juicy and sweet with hints of strawberry.

Holly
Holly
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, crisp. Juicy, sweet, mild.

Idajon
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine-grained, crisp. Juicy and sweet.

Idared
Idared
Type: Culinary, Cider, Dessert, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is pale yellowish—sometimes with a rosy tint— and firm, fine-grained. Sweet-tart and juicy. Tends to be somewhat bland when picked early for ...

Synonyms: Ida Red

Joan
Joan
Type: Cooking

origins: Developed by crossing Anisim with Jonathan at Ames, Iowa (USA), introduced, 1932

Crandall
Type: Eating

characteristics: Juicy and crisp

Synonyms: Crandell

Fall Wine
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Type: Cider

characteristics: The flesh is yellow, tender and sweet. Vinous flavour.

Synonyms: Hawer, House, Musk Spice, Ohio Wine, Sweet Wine, Wine of Cole

Falticeni
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Type:

origins: A cross of Jonathan crossed with pollen from Wagoner. Romania Wagener. Romania

Florina
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured, fine grained, medium firm, sweet and low in acid. Buttery and perfumed. Resistant to bruising.

Synonyms: Marketed as Querina, Querina-Florina. It is officially listed as INRE ...

Fufunishiki
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Ralls Janet,Õ 1933, Kuroishi, Aomori, Apple Experiment Station, Japan

Fukutami
Fukutami
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is pale green, fine-grained and firm. Sweet, very tart.

Synonyms: Fukatami

Fyan
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis crossed with polen from Jonathan at the Missouri Agriculture Experiment Station, Mount Grove Missouri (USA). Introduced, 1920

Gavin
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Type: Dessert, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellow, firm, crunchy and juicy. Sweet-sharp flavour.

Jonadel
Jonadel
Type: Eating

summary: A well-flavoured fresh eating apple that can also be used for making pies, dried apple rings and jelly.

Jonager
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Type: Dessert

origins: Bred from Jonathan crossed with Egri Piros at the University of Horticulture and Food Industry in Budapest (Hungary). Released in 1985.

Jonagold
Type: Cider, Dessert, Eating, Pie

characteristics: The flesh is creamy yellow, medium-grained, crisp and crunchy. Juicy with a tart-sweet, honeyed taste. The flesh turns brown as it oxidizes, albeit slowly.

Synonyms: Jona Gold, Nured

Jonagram
Jonagram
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is white, fine-grained and crisp. Juicy and sweet.

Synonyms: Jangram

Karmijn de Sonnaville
Karmijn de Sonnaville
Type: Cider, Eating, Juice, Pie, Sauce

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish, coarse-grained, firm and juicy. Rich and aromatic with intense nutty and honeyed flavours. High in sugar and acidity. Sometimes on the ...

Synonyms: Carmine, Karmijn, Karmine, Karmine de Sonneville, Sonneville Carmine.

King Cole
King Cole
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, firm and fine grained. Keeps three months in cold storage

Synonyms: Cole’s Champion

Kovauguszt
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Egri piros,’ University of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest, Hungary, introduced, 1993

Kovelit
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Egri piros,’ University of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest, Hungary, introduced, 1992

Lady Williams
Lady Williams
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is cream coloured.Keeps five months in cold storage.

Macfree
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Type: Cooking, Dessert, Eating, Juice

characteristics: The flesh is white with a slight green tinge, firm, moderately coarse. Juicy and slightly tart.

Majda
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Type:

origins: A Golden Nobel crossed with pollen from Jonathan at Maribor (Yugoslavia) and released in 1986

Mariborka
Mariborka
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is deep cream coloured, crisp. Juicy, highly aromatic, honeyed. Keeps three months in cold storage.

Moira
Moira
Type: Culinary, Dessert, Jelly, Juice, Sauce

characteristics: Flesh is creamy white with an occasional tinge of pale green. Tender, slightly coarse-grained, firm and juicy. Sweet-tart.

Synonyms: Commercial test code O548.

Nyari Zamatos
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Egri piros, University of Horticulture and Food Industry, Budapest, Hungary, introduced, 1991

Oranje de Sonnaville
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is ??????? coarse grained. Sweet and aromatic. Keeps one month.

Priam
Type: Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is fine textured, crisp. Juicy, tart, moderately sweet and aromatic. Flavour improves in storage.

Prinz Albrecht von Preussen
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Cox s Orange Pippin,Õ 1935, Institut Voor de Veredeling van Tuinbouwgewassen Wageningen, Netherlands

Synonyms: Prinz Albrecht, Prince Albrecht

Red Gem
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Type: Cooking, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, firm and tender. Juicy, sweet?sharp

Synonyms: Batt’s Seedling. Also sometimes called Red Granny Smith which is also a ...

Red Prince
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Type: Dessert

summary: See Red Jonaprince

Redbow
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Type:

characteristics: firm

Rensselar
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Type:

origins: Ben Davis pollinated with Jonathan 1914

Rosu de Cluj
Type: Cooking, Eating

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish white, fine-grained, firm and crunchy. Juicy, mildly sweet and mild tartness. The flavour is that of a young red wine, reminiscent of its ...

Synonyms: Cluj 1138, Klausenberg

Secor
Type: Eating

characteristics: Firm. Juicy, sprightly. Keeps up to four months in cold storage but becomes mealy toward the end.

Synonyms: Seacor

Septer
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Type:

characteristics: The flesh is ??????????????????? firm. Juicy and sweet with a honeyed flavour.

South Dakota Ben
South Dakota Ben
Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Tony, by Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1938

South Dakota Bison
South Dakota Bison
Type:

origins: — Jonathan x (Malus Bacatta x ÔYellow TransparentÕ), Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, ...

South Dakota Bona
South Dakota Bona
Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Sylvia,Õ Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1938

South Dakota Eda
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Tony, Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Agriculture Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1940

Sumukoni
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Northern Spy,Õ Aomori Apple Experiment Station, Aomori, Japan Rall s Genet pollinated with Jonathan Aomori (Japan)

Trakijska Kasna
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x McIntosh,Õ Fruitgrowing Institute, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Trakijska Slava
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Type:

origins: — Jonathan x McIntosh,Õ Fruitgrowing Institute, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Undine
Undine
Type: Cooking, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is yellowish white, soft. Juicy and sweet?sharp. Very tough skin.

Wamdesa
Wamdesa
Type:

origins: — Jonathan x Elk River,Õ Dr. Neils E. Hansen, South Dakota Experiment Station, Brookings, South Dakota, USA, introduced, 1938

Webster
Webster
Type: Cooking, Culinary, Dessert

characteristics: The flesh is greenish white, coarse grained and soft., Sharp and fruity.