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Pollination group:


Synonyms: Grosser Rheinischer, Rheinischer Bohnapfel, Haricot, Strymka, Wax Apple, Weisser Bohnapfel

Summary: This wild seedling developed into a highly regarded European cider apple.

Identification: Small to medium size, round and sometimes lopsided. The base colour is green maturing to yellow in storage, over which there can be a dull red blush broken with an abundance of light-coloured spots. Some striping can also be present on the sun-exposed face. Small russeted lenticels are sparsely scattered over the faces. The calyx is closed or slightly open, medium size and set in a shallow basin. The stem is medium to long and medium stout in a somewhat shallow and narrow cavity which is surrounded by a thin russet patch.

Characteristics: The flesh is greenish, coarse-grained, firm and juicy. Slightly sweet to sweet flavour with a distinct tartness. An excellent apple if it is allowed to fully ripen on the tree. Very hard when first ripened, but softens progressively in storage and can become quite mealy if stored too long.

Uses: A good eating apple after several weeks in storage. Excellent for making both soft and hard cider, Also, dried fruit, sauce and baking.

Origins: Found growing as a wild seedling in the late 1700s at Neuwieder Becken in the middle Rhine Valley, (Germany).

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous. Upright and semi-spreading tree which frequently develops roundish shape. Fruit develops on spurs. Though productive, the tree needs at producing fruit and it tends to bear best every other year. Grows best in calcium-rich, well drained soils. Cold hardy. cold. Ready for harvest in the latter half of the second perio when the stem separates easily from the tree, no matter what t Highly resistant to fireblight.

Ploidism: Triploid which does not produce viable pollen.

Notes: A number of regional variations of this apple exist, including Friedberger Bohnapfel

16 weeks

Cold storage: The fruit remains in peak condition for four months and can be kept for up to eight months.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to scab. Canker can be a problem when grown in cool, moist locations. Highly resistant to fire blight.

Harvest: In the latter half of the fifth period and should be picked when the apple comes easily off the tree, no matter what the fruit colour indicates.

Juice character: Highly aromatic. Brix 11.7, acidity 6.6 g/litre.

Juice classification: Sharp

Brix: 11.7

Specific gravity: 1.047

Acidity: 6.6

Harvest period: 5

Type(s): Cider, Eating, Sauce

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 12

ARS GRIN entry: Accession ID