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Pollination group:


Synonyms: Bittenfelder Seedling

Identification: Small to medium, round-flattened, sometimes with slightly angular faces. Pale green to lemon yellow when ripe and striped red on the sun-exposed face. The stem is slender and short, extending just up to the height of the cavity which is narrow and shallow. The calyx is medium large and partly open, set in a wide and very shallow basin.

Characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp. Juicy with high sugar content and considerable acidity.

Uses: This cultivar was at one time widely used for growing rootstock on which to graft other varieties. Vigorous and compatible with most scionwood. It tends to grow consistent root stock from seeds and retains the cultivar's resistance to most diseases. Does not produce dwarfing root stock.

Origins: Found as a wild seedling in the 1930s near Waiblingen in Baden-W├╝rttemberg (Germany).

Cultivation: Weakly vigorous at first, but becomes moderately to very vigorous as a mature tree. Tends to spread wide as a result of the fruit load. Prefers a warm location in order to ripen fully and produce the characteristic high sugar content. Starts to fruit late, but produces heavy crops when it does start.

Ploidism: Self sterile. Though diploid, the pollen of this tree is rather weak and not recommended for pollinating other trees.

Notes: Bittenfelder seedlings were, at one time, widely used for rootstock for grafted apple trees.

24 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps up to six months

Vulnerabilities: Prone to collar rot and canker. Somewhat susceptible to fireblight. Resistant to scab and mildew.

Harvest: Can be shaken out of the tree from the middle of the fifth period to the middle of the sixth.

Juice classification: Sweet sharp

Brix: 13.8

Specific gravity: 1.056

Acidity: 12.9

Harvest period: 5

Type(s): Cider, Dessert, Eating, Juice, Pie