Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Amère de Berthecourt

Synonyms: Amer de Berthecourt, Berthcourt

Summary: This bittersweet cider apple orginated in the 1800s in France and is valued for blending when additional bitterness is called for in hard cider.

Identification: Small to medium size, round fruit. The base colour is yellowish green maturing to yellow, sometimes blushed carmine on the sun-exposed face. The skin is glossy and marked with scattered greyish lenticels. The calyx is medium size and closed, set in a shallow basin. The stem is short and set in a narrow, russetted cavity.

Characteristics: The flesh is white, firm and moderately fine-grained. Juicy, sweet with a noticeable, long bitter aftertaste and vanilla, honey and fruit flavours. Sometimes a pronounced grassiness. The degree of bitterness can vary from moderately bitter to intensely bitter, depending on growing conditions.

Uses: This apple is too bitter for any purpose other than making hard cider.

Origins: Grown from a pippin at the Parisis Fontains in Berthecourt, Normandy (France) during the early 1850s.

Cultivation: Vigorous and spreading. Semi spur. Produces heaviest crops in alternating years. Tolerates Hardiness Zone 4.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self sterile.

Notes: Sometimes blended with other varietals, the Amère de Berthcourt can easily stand alone for a single varietal cider with plenty of body.

8 weeks

Cold storage: Will keep up to two months.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to scab

Harvest: Ready for harvest late in the fourth period.

Juice character: Rich gold colour. Tannin levels are about 0.14% , malic acid 0.23%t with a Brix of 13.0. Highly versatile for augmenting bitterness in otherwise bland cider. On its own, it produces a pale golden, slightly bitter cider.

Juice classification: Bittersweet

Harvest period: 4

Status: cider

Pollination group: E

Pollination day: 19