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Pollination group:

English Russet

Synonyms: St. Leonard's Nonpareil, Horsham Russet

Identification: Medium size or smaller and somewhat more flat than the @184. Thick skin covered with a yellowish, rough russet, especially thick and scaled on the shaded side. Sometimes a blush of red on the sun side. Greyish lenticels are evident and sometimes raised. The stem is very short and set in a deep, irregular cavity. The calyx is open and moderately large.

Characteristics: The flesh is pale yellowish, crisp and firm. Somewhat dry, but sweet, spicy and richly aromatic with distinct nutty flavour and a hint of tartness. It tends to be drier than the @184.

Uses: Once a popular dessert apple because of its sweetness and flavour. Unfortunately, the russet coat is not appreciated on today's market and the variety is being marginalized.

Origins: An old English heritage variety. Listed in Robert Hogg’s "A Guide To The Fruits And Fruit Trees of Great Britain" (1884) and likely originated in the area of Horsham, West Sussex (U.K.).

Cultivation: Vigorous, irregularly spreading tree. Partial tip bearer. Annual bearer and crops heavily. Needs warmer climate to fully ripen the fruit.

Notes: The Golden Russet is a seedling of this variety.

Cold storage: Keeps well in cold storage for up to five months. Though the skin tends to shrivel after some time, the apple matures in storage, becoming sweeter and more flavourful.

Type(s): Dessert

Hardiness Zone min: 5

Hardiness Zone max: 8

Pollination group: C

Pollination day: 8