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Pollination group:


Synonyms: Civina. Rubens. Not to be confused with the Dutch Rubens which is a Cox's Orange Pippin progeny.

Identification: Medium size, conic and sometimes asymmetrical.. The skin is smooth, medium thick and develops a greasy feel in storage. The base colour is gold?yellow over which it is heavily striped with broken lines of red covering 60 to 100 percent of the surface. The stem is long and medium thickness set in a medium base. It tends to develop a greasy feel when it is over?ripe

Characteristics: The flesh is creamy white, with a medium texture, firm and crunchy Aromatic and sweet with just enough acidity to give it a sprightly mouth feel. Keeps up to four months in cold storage.

Uses: A supermarket variety intended to be eaten fresh.

Origins: Created in the mid?1980s by Gianfranco Castagnoli, Michelangelo Leis and Alessio Martinelli for the Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti in Ferrara (Italy), by crossing Elstar and G Introduced 1988 Elstar ( Golden Delicious x Ingrid Marie ) x Gala ( Kidd s Orange x Golden Delicious ), Michelangelo Leis, Gianfranco Castagnoli and Alessio Martinelli, Ferrara, Italy, USPP #14177, 2003, expires, 2020

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, upright tree. Bears fruit on spurs. Produces annual crops, but has a slight tendancy to produce best every other year. Ready for harvest by the start the first period and best picked in three stages over a three

Type(s): Eating