Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Tohoku 3

Other names: Akane, Prime Red, Primered, Prime Rouge, Primrouge, Red Sky, Tohoku, Tokyo Rose

Summary: Developed in the mid-1900s in Japan, this apple is best known as the Akane and Primrouge.

Identification: Small to medium size and round conic, often tending to be assymetric with wide and pronounced ribbing. The skin is smooth, with a green base colour over which is a bright red blush that can cover the entire surface, but more often the base colour shows on the shaded side where it is lightly striped red.The eye is small and closed set in a fairly narrow basin surrounded by a lightly ridged crown. The stem is moderately long and stout in a narrow, somewhat deep and narrow, russeted cavity. The skin has a slight greasy feel when the fruit matures.

Characteristics: The flesh is white, crisp, coarse-textured and somewhat chewy. Sweet-tart and juicy. Very aromatic with a hint of strawberry flavour. Often harvested before its prime because the skin colours very early, but flavour and aroma is at its peak when it is allowed to fully ripen. Once it is ripe, the Tohoku is best used as soon as possible.

Uses: It is intended as a fresh eating apple, but also cooks well, holding its shape when baked in pies. Apple sauce made from this apple is pleasantly sweet tart and pink if cooked with the peel on. It also makes wonderful dried apple rings and excellent apple pie.

Origins: Developed in 1953 at the Tohoku Agricultural Experiment Station in Fujisaki, Aomori (Japan) by crossing Jonathan (flower parent) with Worcester Pearmain (pollen parent). Released in 1970.

Cultivation: Moderately vigorous, upright spreading tree. Bears fruit on spurs. Starts to produce as a three-year-old tree and sets heavily on an annual basis, to the point where the fruit needs to be thinned within a month of petal fall. Best suited to warmer climates. Does well as an espalier, but young trees are slow to start producing.

Ploidism: Diploid. Self sterile.

Progeny: Sansa

4 weeks

Cold storage: Best eaten as soon as it is picked, but will keep up to a month in cold storage

Vulnerabilities: Somewhat resistant to scab, somewhat resistant to blight and rust. Resistant to mildew. Susceptible to water core and sunburn.

Harvest: Late in the third period and through the first half of the fourth period (125 to 145 days after petal fall) and is harvested over a two week period. There is little or no pre-harvest drop, and it hangs well even when ripe.

Status: dessert

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 14

Flowers: White

Tohoku 3

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