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Pollination group:

Malus fusca

Other names: Oregon crabapple, Pacific crabapple

Identification: The fruit are small and vary in colour from yellow to red and sometimes to purple. About the size of a chokecherry.

Characteristics: The flesh is very acidic, but can be eaten both raw and cooked.

Uses: Sometime used as a source of pectin for fruit jams and jellies.

Origins: Native to the Pacific coast of North America from Alaska to California where it grows wild in coniforous forests. Infusions of the bark as well as the fruit were made for skin infections, stomach disorders and for pain relief. Now mostly grown in gardens for ornamental purposes.

Cultivation: Grows to about 12 metres in height, or when left to its own preferences, it grows as a shrub. Tolerates moist and semi-shaded locations. Blooms in alternate years.

Ploidism: Diploid.

Notes: In the past, it was gathered by the indigenous people of the coast who used not only the small fruit, but also the hard wood for implements.

Harvest: Usually in the fifth, sometime the sixth period. Quite acidic at first, but they tend to sweeten somewhat in storage.

Status: ornamental

Flowers: White, single

Fruit: Yellow to purple red.

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