Pomiferous

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Name:

Pollination group:

Baldwin

Other names: Butters, Butter's Apple, Pecker, Red Baldwin Pippin, Steele's Red Winter, Woodpecker

Summary: Originated in the 1700s in the northeastern United States of America, this baking apple is also favoured for cider.

Identification: Considerable variance exists in the Baldwin because numerous strains have evolved. The standard is a medium to large apple, round tending to conical, sometimes irregular shape. The skin is smooth and tough, light yellow background mottled with bright red and faintly streaked with deep red, faint on the shaded face. Look for small, grayish lenticels, slightly indented and more numerous toward the base. The eye is large and partly open, set in a deep and wide, ribbed basin which is surrounded by a five-knobbed crown. The stem is medium to long and slender and set in a deep, wide cavity which is typically russeted.

Characteristics: The flesh is light yellow in colour, firm, crisp and juicy, coarse-grained. The taste is sprightly and pleasantly fruity.

Uses: Good cooking apple for pies because it holds it shape well. The tartness also makes it a prized apple for hard cider. Moderately good eaten fresh.

Origins: A chance seedling found growing in the lane between the house and barn on disused farm bought by John Ball in 1740 near Lowell, Massachusetts (U.S.A.). A cutting was given to Colonel Loammi Baldwin who propagated it, planted the offspring extensively on his land. He further popularized it by giving cuttings to his neighbours. By the 1830s, the Baldwin had become one of the most popular apples at Boston markets. Its thick skin and firm flesh made it a favourite for export at the time. However, a particularly cold spell wiped out most of New England's orchards and the Baldwin fell out of favour, replaced primarily by the more cold-tolerant McIntosh.

Cultivation: Vigorous, upright spreading, dense tree. Bears fruit on spurs. It tends to produce well every second year with the fruit ripening in the middle of the second period. Tends to bear best every other year. The tree is best suited to cooler climates or higher elevataions.

Ploidism: Triploid. Self sterile.

Notes: There is a monument in Wilmington, Massechusetts, near the site of the original tree which was blown over during a windstorm in 1815.

16 weeks

Cold storage: Keeps for up to four months and best after two months.

Vulnerabilities: Susceptible to scab. Moderately susceptible to fire blight, highly susceptible to powdery mildew. Resistant to rust.

Juice character: Brix 15.5, Tannins 0.60%, Acidity 0.75%

Juice classification: Sharp

Status: dual

Pollination group: D

Pollination day: 12

Baldwin

Associated apples:

Jonwin
Responsive image
Type: apple

Characteristics: crisp aromatic Keeps one month in cold storage.

Lord's Seedling
Type: apple

Characteristics: The flesh is ?????, dense. NuttyAromatic. Does not keep well.


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